Found 59 papers in cond-mat
Date of feed: Tue, 29 Aug 2023 00:30:00 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Nematic order in topological SYK models. (arXiv:2308.13601v1 [cond-mat.str-el])
Andrew Hardy, Anjishnu Bose, Arun Paramekanti

We study a class of multi-orbital models based on those proposed by Venderbos, Hu, and Kane which exhibit an interplay of topology, interactions, and fermion incoherence. In the non-interacting limit, these models exhibit trivial and Chern insulator phases with Chern number $C \geq 1$ bands as determined by the relative angular momentum of the participating orbitals. These quantum anomalous Hall insulator phases are separated by topological transitions protected by crystalline rotation symmetry, featuring Dirac or quadratic band-touching points. Here we study the impact of Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) type interactions on these lattice models. Given the random interactions, these models display `average symmetries' upon disorder averaging, including a charge conjugation symmetry, so they behave as interacting models in topological class $\mathbf{D}$ enriched by crystalline rotation symmetry. The phase diagram of this model features a non-Fermi liquid at high temperature and an exciton condensate with nematic transport at low temperature. We present results for the free-energy, spectral functions, and the anomalous Hall resistivity as a function of temperature and tuning parameters. Our results are broadly relevant to correlated topological matter in multiorbital systems, and may also be viewed, with a suitable particle hole transformation, as an exploration of strong interaction effects on mean-field topological superconductors. \end{abstract}

Network science Ising states of matter. (arXiv:2308.13604v1 [cond-mat.dis-nn])
Hanlin Sun, Rajat Kumar Panda, Roberto Verdel, Alex Rodriguez, Marcello Dalmonte, Ginestra Bianconi

Network science provides very powerful tools for extracting information from interacting data. Although recently the unsupervised detection of phases of matter using machine learning has raised significant interest, the full prediction power of network science has not yet been systematically explored in this context. Here we fill this gap by providing an in-depth statistical, combinatorial, geometrical and topological characterization of 2D Ising snapshot networks (IsingNets) extracted from Monte Carlo simulations of the 2D Ising model at different temperatures, going across the phase transition. Our analysis reveals the complex organization properties of IsingNets in both the ferromagnetic and paramagnetic phases and demonstrates the significant deviations of the IsingNets with respect to randomized null models. In particular percolation properties of the IsingNets reflect the existence of the symmetry between configurations with opposite magnetization below the critical temperature and the very compact nature of the two emerging giant clusters revealed by our persistent homology analysis of the IsingNets. Moreover, the IsingNets display a very broad degree distribution and significant degree-degree correlations and weight-degree correlations demonstrating that they encode relevant information present in the configuration space of the 2D Ising model. The geometrical organization of the critical IsingNets is reflected in their spectral properties deviating from the one of the null model. This work reveals the important insights that network science can bring to the characterization of phases of matter. The set of tools described hereby can be applied as well to numerical and experimental data.

Tuning the Curie temperature of a 2D magnet/topological insulator heterostructure to above room temperature by epitaxial growth. (arXiv:2308.13620v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Wenyi Zhou, Alexander J. Bishop, Xiyue S. Zhang, Katherine Robinson, Igor Lyalin, Ziling Li, Ryan Bailey-Crandell, Thow Min Jerald Cham, Shuyu Cheng, Yunqiu Kelly Luo, Daniel C. Ralph, David A. Muller, Roland K. Kawakami

Heterostructures of two-dimensional (2D) van der Waals (vdW) magnets and topological insulators (TI) are of substantial interest as candidate materials for efficient spin-torque switching, quantum anomalous Hall effect, and chiral spin textures. However, since many of the vdW magnets have Curie temperatures below room temperature, we want to understand how materials can be modified to stabilize their magnetic ordering to higher temperatures. In this work, we utilize molecular beam epitaxy to systematically tune the Curie temperature ($T_C$) in thin film Fe$_3$GeTe$_2$/Bi$_2$Te$_3$ from bulk-like values ($\sim$220 K) to above room temperature by increasing the growth temperature from 300 $^\circ$C to 375 $^\circ$C. For samples grown at 375 $^\circ$C, cross-sectional scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) reveals the spontaneous formation of different Fe$_m$Ge$_n$Te$_2$ compositions (e.g. Fe$_5$Ge$_2$Te$_2$ and Fe$_7$Ge$_6$Te$_2$) as well as intercalation in the vdW gaps, which are possible origins of the enhanced Curie temperature. This observation paves the way for developing various Fe$_m$Ge$_n$Te$_2$/TI heterostructures with novel properties.

Strain Engineering for High-Performance Phase Change Memristors. (arXiv:2308.13637v1 [])
Wenhui Hou, Ahmad Azizimanesh, Aditya Dey, Yufeng Yang, Wuxiucheng Wang, Chen Shao, Hui Wu, Hesam Askari, Sobhit Singh, Stephen M. Wu

A new mechanism for memristive switching in 2D materials is through electric-field controllable electronic/structural phase transitions, but these devices have not outperformed status quo 2D memristors. Here, we report a high-performance bipolar phase change memristor from strain engineered multilayer 1T'-MoTe$_{2}$ that now surpasses the performance metrics (on/off ratio, switching voltage, switching speed) of all 2D memristive devices, achieved without forming steps. Using process-induced strain engineering, we directly pattern stressed metallic contacts to induce a semimetallic to semiconducting phase transition in MoTe2 forming a self-aligned vertical transport memristor with semiconducting MoTe$_{2}$ as the active region. These devices utilize strain to bring them closer to the phase transition boundary and achieve ultra-low ~90 mV switching voltage, ultra-high ~10$^8$ on/off ratio, 5 ns switching, and retention of over 10$^5$ s. Engineered tunability of the device switching voltage and on/off ratio is also achieved by varying the single process parameter of contact metal film force (film stress $\times$ film thickness).

Conservation laws for interacting magnetic nanoparticles at finite temperature. (arXiv:2308.13683v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Frederik L. Durhuus, Marco Beleggia, Cathrine Frandsen

We establish a general Langevin Dynamics model of interacting, single-domain magnetic nanoparticles in liquid suspension at finite temperature. The model couples the LLG equation for the moment dynamics with the mechanical rotation and translation of the particles. Within this model, we derive expressions for the instantaneous transfer of energy, linear and angular momentum between the particles and with the environment. We demonstrate by numerical tests that all conserved quantities are fully accounted for, thus validating the model and the transfer expressions. The energy transfer expressions derived here are also useful analysis tools to decompose the instantaneous, non-equilibrium power loss at each MNP into different loss channels. To demonstrate the model capabilities, we analyse simulations of MNP collisions and high-frequency hysteresis in terms of power and energy contributions.

The Search for Stable Graphene Defect Structures: Optimized Molecular Dynamics Simulations and Energetics of 55-77 Stone-Wales defects. (arXiv:2308.13810v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Ji Wei Yoon

Defects in graphene are both a boon and a bane for device application - they can induce uncontrollable effects but can also provide novel ways to manipulate the properties of pristine graphene. For this report, we investigated graphene with no defect, one and two mono-vacancies, and two di-vancancies using a Molecular Dynamics procedure optimized for the purpose. The defects that are deemed to be energetically stable are identified and their formation mechanisms proposed. We also investigated interaction between two Stone-Wales 55-77 defects, and the formation energies of their linearly extended structures, along the zigzag and armchair direction, and when they are placed in different relative orientations.

Topological superconductivity from first-principles I: Shiba band structure and topological edge states of artificial spin chains. (arXiv:2308.13824v1 [cond-mat.supr-con])
Bendegúz Nyári, András Lászlóffy, Gábor Csire, László Szunyogh, Balázs Újfalussy

Magnetic chains on superconductors hosting Majorna Zero Modes (MZMs) attracted high interest due to their possible applications in fault-tolerant quantum computing. However, this is hindered by the lack of a detailed, quantitative understanding of these systems. As a significant step forward, we present a first-principles computational approach based on a microscopic relativistic theory of inhomogeneous superconductors applied to an iron chain on the top of Au-covered Nb(110) to study the Shiba band structure and the topological nature of the edge states. Contrary to contemporary considerations, our method enables the introduction of quantities indicating band inversion without fitting parameters in realistic experimental settings, holding thus the power to determine the topological nature of zero energy edge states in an accurate ab-initio based description of the experimental systems. We confirm that ferromagnetic Fe chains on Au/Nb(110) surface do not support any separated MZM; however, a broad range of spin-spirals can be identified with robust zero energy edge states displaying signatures of MZMs. For these spirals, we explore the structure of the superconducting order parameter shedding light on the internally antisymmetric triplet pairing hosted by MZMs. We also reveal a two-fold effect of spin-orbit coupling: although it tends to enlarge the topological phase regarding spin spiraling angles, however, it also extends the localization of MZMs. Due to the presented predictive power, our work fills a big gap between the experimental efforts and theoretical models while paving the way for engineering platforms for topological quantum computation.

Magnetism and berry phase manipulation in an emergent structure of perovskite ruthenate by (111) strain engineering. (arXiv:2308.13825v1 [cond-mat.str-el])
Zhaoqing Ding, Xuejiao Chen, Zhenzhen Wang, Qinghua Zhang, Fang Yang, Jiachang Bi, Ting Lin, Zhen Wang, Xiaofeng Wu, Minghui Gu, Meng Meng, Yanwei Cao, Lin Gu, Jiandi Zhang, Zhicheng Zhong, Xiaoran Liu, Jiandong Guo

The interplay among symmetry of lattices, electronic correlations, and Berry phase of the Bloch states in solids has led to fascinating quantum phases of matter. A prototypical system is the magnetic Weyl candidate SrRuO3, where designing and creating electronic and topological properties on artificial lattice geometry is highly demanded yet remains elusive. Here, we establish an emergent trigonal structure of SrRuO3 by means of heteroepitaxial strain engineering along the [111] crystallographic axis. Distinctive from bulk, the trigonal SrRuO3 exhibits a peculiar XY-type ferromagnetic ground state, with the coexistence of high-mobility holes likely from linear Weyl bands and low-mobility electrons from normal quadratic bands as carriers. The presence of Weyl nodes are further corroborated by capturing intrinsic anomalous Hall effect, acting as momentum-space sources of Berry curvatures. The experimental observations are consistent with our first-principles calculations, shedding light on the detailed band topology of trigonal SrRuO3 with multiple pairs of Weyl nodes near the Fermi level. Our findings signify the essence of magnetism and Berry phase manipulation via lattice design and pave the way towards unveiling nontrivial correlated topological phenomena.

Topological superconductivity from first-principles II: Effects from manipulation of spin spirals $-$ Topological fragmentation, braiding, and Quasi-Majorana Bound States. (arXiv:2308.13831v1 [cond-mat.supr-con])
András Lászlóffy, Bendegúz Nyári, Gábor Csire, László Szunyogh, Balázs Újfalussy

Recent advances in electron spin resonance techniques have allowed the manipulation of the spin of individual atoms, making magnetic atomic chains on superconducting hosts one of the most promising platform where topological superconductivity can be engineered. Motivated by this progress, we provide a detailed, quantitative description of the effects of manipulating spins in realistic nanowires by applying a first-principles-based computational approach to a recent experiment: an iron chain deposited on top of Au/Nb heterostructure. As a continuation of the first part of the paper experimentally relevant computational experiments are performed in spin spiral chains that shed light on several concerns about practical applications and add new aspects to the interpretation of recent experiments. We explore the stability of topological zero energy states, the formation and distinction of topologically trivial and non-trivial zero energy edge states, the effect of local changes in the exchange fields, the emergence of topological fragmentation, and the shift of Majorana Zero Modes along the superconducting nanowires opening avenues toward the implementation of a braiding operation.

Ab initio Investigations on the Electronic Properties and Stability of Cu-Substituted Lead Apatite (LK-99) family with different doping concentrations (x=0, 1, 2). (arXiv:2308.13938v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Songge Yang, Guangchen Liu, Yu Zhong

The pursuit of room-temperature ambient-pressure superconductivity in novel materials has sparked interest, with recent reports suggesting such properties in Cu-substituted lead apatite, known as LK-99. However, these claims lack comprehensive experimental and theoretical support. In this study, we address this gap by conducting ab initio calculations to explore the impact of varying doping concentrations (x = 0, 1, 2) on the stability and electronic properties of five compounds in the LK-99 family. Our investigations unveil a distinct feature within LK-99: isolated flat bands that intersect the Fermi level. In contrast, the other four compounds exhibit insulating behavior with wide band gaps. X-ray diffraction analyses confirm the presence of Cu substitution on Pb(1) sites in the originally synthesized LK-99 sample, while an extra peak suggests potential alternative phases like Pb$_8$Cu$_2$(PO$_4$)$_6$ due to compositional variations. Furthermore, the LK-99 structure undergoes substantial lattice constriction, resulting in a significant 5.5% reduction in volume. Meanwhile, energy calculations reveal a marginal energy preference for substituting Cu on Pb(2) sites over Pb(1) sites, with a difference of approximately 0.010 eV per atom (roughly 1 kJ/mol). Intriguingly, at pressures exceeding 73 GPa, stability shifts towards LK-99 containing Cu substitutions on Pb(1) sites. Despite exhibiting higher electronic conductivity than parent compounds, LK-99 falls short of the conductivity levels observed in metals or advanced oxide conductors.

Indication of novel magnetoresistance mechanism in (Bi,Sb)$_2$(Te,Se)$_3$ 3D topological insulator thin films. (arXiv:2308.14008v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
N.P. Stepina, A.O. Bazhenov, A.V. Shumilin, A.Yu. Kuntsevich, V.V. Kirienko, E.S. Zhdanov, D.V. Ishchenko, O.E. Tereshchenko

Electron states with the spin-momentum-locked Dirac dispersion at the surface of a three-dimensional (3D) topological insulator are known to lead to weak antilocalization (WAL), i.e. low temperature and low-magnetic field quantum interference-induced positive magnetoresistance (MR). In this work we report on the MR measurements in (Bi,Sb)$_2$(Te,Se)$_3$ 3D topological insulator thin films epitaxially grown on Si(111), demonstrating an anomalous WAL amplitude. This anomalously high amplitude of WAL can not be explained by parabolic or linear MR and indicates the existence of an additional, MR mechanism. Another supporting observation is not linear in the classically weak magnetic field Hall effect in the same films. The increase of the low-field Hall coefficient, with respect to the higher-field value, reaches 10$\%$. We consistently explain both transport features within a two-liquid model, where the mobility of one of the components drops strongly in a weak magnetic field. We argue that this dependence may arise from the Zeeman field induced gap opening mechanism.

Reconstruction changes drive surface diffusion and determine the flatness of oxide surfaces. (arXiv:2308.14043v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Giada Franceschi, Michael Schmid, Ulrike Diebold, Michele Riva

Surface diffusion on metal oxides is key in many areas of materials technology, yet it has been scarcely explored at the atomic scale. This work provides phenomenological insights from scanning tunneling microscopy on the link between surface diffusion, surface atomic structure, and oxygen chemical potential based on three model oxide surfaces: Fe$_2$O$_3(1\overline{1}02)$, La$_{1-x}$Sr$_x$MnO$_3$(110), and In$_2$O$_3$(111). In all instances, changing the oxygen chemical potential used for annealing stabilizes reconstructions of different compositions while promoting the flattening of the surface morphology -- a sign of enhanced surface diffusion. It is argued that thermodynamics, rather than kinetics, rules surface diffusion under these conditions: The composition change of the surface reconstructions formed at differently oxidizing conditions drives mass transport across the surface.

One-Half Topological Number in Entangled Quantum Physics. (arXiv:2308.14062v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Karyn Le Hur

A topological phase can be engineered in quantum physics from the Bloch sphere of a spin-1/2 showing an hedgehog structure as a result of a radial magnetic field. We elaborate on a relation between the formation of an entangled wavefunction at one pole, in a two-spins model, and an interesting pair of one-half topological numbers. Similar to Cooper pairs in superconductors, the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pair or Bell state produces a half flux quantization, which here refers to the halved flux of the Berry curvature on the surface. These 1/2-numbers also reveal the presence of a free Majorana fermion at a pole. The topological responses can be measured when driving from north to south and also from a circularly polarized field at the poles revealing the quantized or half-quantized nature of the protected transverse currents. We show applications of entangled wavefunctions in band structures, introducing a local topological marker in momentum space, to characterize the topological response of two-dimensional semimetals in bilayer geometries.

Sampling with flows, diffusion and autoregressive neural networks: A spin-glass perspective. (arXiv:2308.14085v1 [cond-mat.dis-nn])
Davide Ghio, Yatin Dandi, Florent Krzakala, Lenka Zdeborová

Recent years witnessed the development of powerful generative models based on flows, diffusion or autoregressive neural networks, achieving remarkable success in generating data from examples with applications in a broad range of areas. A theoretical analysis of the performance and understanding of the limitations of these methods remain, however, challenging. In this paper, we undertake a step in this direction by analysing the efficiency of sampling by these methods on a class of problems with a known probability distribution and comparing it with the sampling performance of more traditional methods such as the Monte Carlo Markov chain and Langevin dynamics. We focus on a class of probability distribution widely studied in the statistical physics of disordered systems that relate to spin glasses, statistical inference and constraint satisfaction problems.

We leverage the fact that sampling via flow-based, diffusion-based or autoregressive networks methods can be equivalently mapped to the analysis of a Bayes optimal denoising of a modified probability measure. Our findings demonstrate that these methods encounter difficulties in sampling stemming from the presence of a first-order phase transition along the algorithm's denoising path. Our conclusions go both ways: we identify regions of parameters where these methods are unable to sample efficiently, while that is possible using standard Monte Carlo or Langevin approaches. We also identify regions where the opposite happens: standard approaches are inefficient while the discussed generative methods work well.

Persistence of Monoclinic Crystal Structure in Three-Dimensional Second-Order Topological Insulator Candidate 1T'-MoTe2 Thin Flake without Structural Phase transition. (arXiv:2308.14125v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Bo Su, Yuan Huang, Yan Hui Hou, Jiawei Li, Rong Yang, Yongchang Ma, Yang Yang, Guangyu Zhang, Xingjiang Zhou, Jianlin Luo, Zhi-Guo Chen

A van der Waals material, MoTe2 with a monoclinic 1T' crystal structure is a candidate for three-dimensional (3D) second-order topological insulators (SOTIs) hosting gapless hinge states and insulating surface states. However, due to the temperature-induced structural phase transition, the monoclinic 1T' structure of MoTe2 would be transformed into the orthorhombic Td structure as the temperature is lowered, which hinders the experimental verification and the electronic applications of the predicted SOTI state at low temperatures. Here, we present systematic Raman spectroscopy studies of the exfoliated MoTe2 thin flakes with variable thicknesses at different temperatures. As a spectroscopic signature of the orthorhombic Td structure of MoTe2, the out-of-plane vibration mode D at ~ 125 cm-1 is always visible below a certain temperature in the multilayer flakes thicker than ~ 27.7 nm, but vanishes in the temperature range from 80 K to 320 K when the flake thickness becomes lower than ~ 19.5 nm. The absence of the out-of-plane vibration mode D in the Raman spectra here demonstrates not only the disappearance of the monoclinic-to-orthorhombic phase transition but also the persistence of the monoclinic 1T' structure in the MoTe2 thin flakes thinner than ~ 19.5 nm at low temperatures down to 80 K, which may be caused by the high enough density of the holes introduced during the gold-enhanced exfoliation process and exposure to air. The MoTe2 thin flakes with the low-temperature monoclinic 1T' structure provide a material platform for realizing SOTI states in van der Waals materials at low temperatures, which paves the way for developing a new generation of electronic devices based on SOTIs.

Topology and dynamics of higher-order multiplex networks. (arXiv:2308.14189v1 [nlin.AO])
Sanjukta Krishnagopal, Ginestra Bianconi

Higher-order networks are gaining growing attention as they encode for the many-body interactions present in complex systems. However, higher-order networks have the limitation that they only capture many-body interactions of the same type. To tackle this challenge, here we provide a mathematical framework to capture the topology of higher-order multiplex networks and the interplay between their topology and higher-order dynamics. In particular we focus on diffusion of topological signals sustained not only by the nodes, but also by the links, and the higher-dimensional simplices of multiplex simplicial complexes. We exploit the ubiquitous presence of the overlap of the simplices for coupling the dynamics among the multiplex layers providing a definition of multiplex Hodge Laplacians and Dirac operators. The spectral properties of these operators are shown to determine the higher-order diffusion on the higher-order multiplex networks, and encode for the multiplex Betti numbers. Finally, our numerical investigation of the spectral properties of synthetic and real (connectome and microbiome) multiplex simplicial complexes shows evidence that the coupling between the layers can either speed up or slow down the higher-order diffusion of topological signals. This mathematical framework is very general and can be applied to study generic higher-order systems with interactions of multiple types. In particular, these results might find applications in brain networks which are understood to be both multilayer and higher-order.

Discovery of a Bloch point quadrupole constituting hybrid topological strings. (arXiv:2308.14219v1 [cond-mat.str-el])
Fehmi Sami Yasin (1), Jan Masell (1 and 2), Yoshio Takahashi (3), Tetsuya Akashi (3), Norio Baba (4), Kosuke Karube (1), Daisuke Shindo (1), Takahisa Arima (1 and 5), Yasujiro Taguchi (1), Yoshinori Tokura (1 and 6 and 7), Toshiaki Tanigaki (3), Xiuzhen Yu (1) ((1) RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Wako, Japan, (2) Institute of Theoretical Solid State Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany, (3) Research and Development Group, Hitachi Ltd., Hatoyama, Japan, (4) Research Institute for Science and Technology, Kogakuin University, Hachioji, Japan, (5) Department of Advanced Materials Science, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan, (6) Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, (7) Tokyo College, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan)

Topological magnetic (anti)skrymions are robust string-like objects heralded as potential components in next-generation topological spintronics devices due to their manipulability via low-energy stimuli such as magnetic fields, heat, and electric/thermal current. While these two-dimensional (2D) topological objects are widely studied, intrinsically three-dimensional (3D) electron-spin real-space topology remains less explored despite its prevalence in bulky magnets. Here, we capture the 3D structure of antiskyrmions in a single-crystal, precision-doped (Fe_{0.63}Ni_{0.3}Pd_{0.07})_{3}P lamellae using holographic vector field electron tomography at room temperature and zero field. Our measurements reveal hybrid string-like solitons composed of skyrmions with topological number W = -1 on the lamellae's surfaces and an antiskyrmion (W = +1) connecting them. High resolution images uncover a Bloch point (BP) quadrupole (four magnetic (anti)monopoles) positioned along the rectangular antiskyrmion's four corners (Bloch lines), which enable the observed lengthwise topological transitions. Furthermore, we calculate and compare the energy densities of hybrid strings with ideal (anti)skyrmion strings using micromagnetic simulations, which suggest that this composite (anti)BP structure stabilizes via the subtle interplay between the magnetostatic interaction and anisotropic Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. The discovery of these hybrid spin textures enables topological tunabilty, a tunable topological Hall effect, and the suppression of skyrmion Hall motion, disrupting existing paradigms within spintronics.

The Replica Symmetry Broken States of some Glass Models. (arXiv:2308.14229v1 [cond-mat.dis-nn])
J. Yeo, M. A. Moore

We have studied in detail the $M$-$p$ balanced spin glass model, which is a candidate for being a model for structural glasses. Such models possess two kinds of broken replica states; those with one-step replica symmetry breaking (1RSB) and those with full replica symmetry breaking (FRSB). To determine which arises requires studying the Landau expansion to quintic order. There are 9 quintic order coefficients, and 5 quartic order coefficients, whose values we determine for this model. We show that it is only for $2 \leq M < 2.4714 \cdots$ that the transition at mean-field level is to a state with FRSB, while for larger $M$ values there is either a continuous transition to a state with 1RSB (when $ M \leq 3$) or a discontinuous transition for $M > 3$. The Gardner transition from a 1RSB state at low temperatures to a state with FRSB also requires the Landau expansion to be taken to quintic order. Our result for the form of FRSB in the Gardner phase is similar to that found when $2 \leq M < 2.4714\cdots$, but differs from that given in the early paper of Gross et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 304 (1985)]. Finally we discuss the effects of fluctuations on our mean-field solutions using the scheme of H\"{o}ller and Read [Phys. Rev. E 101, 042114 (2020)] and argue that such fluctuations will remove the continuous 1RSB transition in dimension $d$ when $8 >d \geq 6$ leaving just the FRSB continuous transition (and possibly also the discontinuous 1RSB transition). We suggest values for $M$ and $p$ which might be used in simulations to resolve the outstanding question of whether fluctuation corrections can remove the discontinuous 1RSB transition.

Three-dimensional flat Landau levels in an inhomogeneous acoustic crystal. (arXiv:2308.14313v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Zheyu Cheng, Yi-jun Guan, Haoran Xue, Yong Ge, Ding Jia, Yang Long, Shou-qi Yuan, Hong-xiang Sun, Yidong Chong, Baile Zhang

When electrons moving in two-dimensions (2D) are subjected to a strong uniform magnetic field, they form flat bands called Landau levels, which are the basis for the quantum Hall effect. Landau levels can also arise from pseudomagnetic fields (PMFs) induced by lattice distortions; for example, mechanically straining graphene causes its Dirac quasiparticles to form a characteristic set of unequally-spaced Landau levels, including a zeroth Landau level. In three-dimensional (3D) systems, there has thus far been no experimental demonstration of Landau levels or any other type of flat band. For instance, applying a uniform magnetic field to materials hosting Weyl quasiparticles, the 3D generalizations of Dirac quasiparticles, yields bands that are non-flat in the direction of the field. Here, we report on the experimental realization of a flat 3D Landau level in an acoustic crystal. Starting from a lattice whose bandstructure exhibits a nodal ring, we design an inhomogeneous distortion corresponding to a specific pseudomagnetic vector potential (PVP) that causes the nodal ring states to break up into Landau levels, with a zeroth Landau level that is flat along all three directions. These findings point to the possibility of using nodal ring materials to generate 3D flat bands, to access strong interactions and other interesting physical regimes in 3D.

Spin-polarized transport properties in magnetic moir\'e superlattices. (arXiv:2308.14342v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Zhao Gong, Qing-Qing Zhang, Hui-Ying Mu, Xing-Tao An, Jian-Jun Liu

Since the discovery of the fascinating properties in magic-angle graphene, the exploration of moir\'e systems in other two-dimensional materials has garnered significant attention and given rise to a field known as 'moir\'e physics'. Within this realm, magnetic van der Waals heterostructure and the magnetic proximity effect in moir\'e superlattices have also become subjects of great interest. However, the spin-polarized transport property in this moir\'e structures is still a problem to be explored. Here, we investigate the spin-polarized transport properties in a moir\'e superlattices formed by a two-dimensional ferromagnet CrI_3 stacked on a monolayer BAs, where the spin degeneracy is lifted because of the magnetic proximity effect associated with the moir\'e superlattices. We find that the conductance exhibits spin-resolved miniband transport properties at a small twist angle because of the periodic moir\'e superlattices. When the incident energy is in the spin-resolved minigaps, the available states are spin polarized, thus providing a spin-polarized current from the superlattice. Moreover, only a finite number of moir\'e period is required to obtain a net spin polarization of 100\%. In addition, the interlayer distance of the heterojunction is also moir\'e modifiable, so a perpendicular electric field can be applied to modulate the intensity and direction of the spin polarization. Our finding points to an opportunity to realize spin functionalities in magnetic moir\'e superlattices.

Anisotropic and pressure tunable magnetism of titanium-based Kagome ferromagnet SmTi3Bi4. (arXiv:2308.14349v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Long Chen, Ying Zhou, He Zhang, Zhongnan Guo, Xiaohui Yu, Gang Wang

Kagome magnets showing diverse topological quantum responses are crucial for next-generation topological engineering. Here we report the physical properties of a newly discovered titanium-based Kagome ferromagnet SmTi3Bi4, mainly focusing on its anisotropy and high-pressure tunability of magnetism. The crystal structure of SmTi3Bi4 belongs to the RETi3Bi4 (RE = Rare earth element) prototype, featuring a distorted Ti Kagome lattice in TiBi layer and Sm-atomic zig-zag chain along the c axis. By the temperature-dependent resistivity, heat capacity, and magnetic susceptibility measurements, a ferromagnetic (FM) ordering temperature Tc is determined to be 23.2 K, above which a T-linear resistivity and quite large density of states near Fermi level are hinted to exist. A large magnetic anisotropy was observed by rotating the in-plane magnetic field, showing the b axis is the easy magnetizations axis. The resistance under high pressure shows a suppression from 23.2 K to 8.5 K up to 23.5 GPa first and a following little enhancement up to 44.8 GPa. Considering the large in-plane magnetization between stacked Kagome lattices and tunability of FM order, possible topological phase transitions can be anticipated in SmTi3Bi4, which should be a new promising platform to explore the complex electronic and magnetic phases based on Kagome lattice.

Exciton-exciton Interaction in Monolayer MoSe$_2$ from Mutual Screening of Coulomb Binding. (arXiv:2308.14362v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Ke Xiao, Tengfei Yan, Chengxin Xiao, Feng-ren Fan, Ruihuan Duan, Zheng Liu, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Wang Yao, Xiaodong Cui

The potential for low-threshold optical nonlinearity has received significant attention in the fields of photonics and conceptual optical neuron networks. Excitons in two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors are particularly promising in this regard as reduced screening and dimensional confinement foster their pronounced many-body interactions towards nonlinearity. However, experimental determination of the interactions remains ambiguous, as optical pumping in general creates a mixture of excitons and unbound carriers, where the impacts of band gap renormalization and carrier screening on exciton energy counteract each other. Here by comparing the influences on exciton ground and excited states energies in the photoluminescence spectroscopy of monolayer MoSe$_2$, we are able to identify separately the screening of Coulomb binding by the neutral excitons and by charge carriers. The energy difference between exciton ground state (A-1s) and excited state (A-2s) red-shifts by 5.5 meV when the neutral exciton density increases from 0 to $4\times 10^{11}$ cm$^{-2}$, in contrast to the blue shifts with the increase of either electron or hole density. This energy difference change is attributed to the mutual screening of Coulomb binding of neutral excitons, from which we extract an exciton polarizability of $\alpha_{2D}^{\rm exciton} = 2.55\times 10^{-17}$ eV(m/V)$^2$. Our finding uncovers a new mechanism that dominates the repulsive part of many-body interaction between neutral excitons.

Abnormal behavior of preferred formation of cationic vacancy from the interior in {\gamma}-GeSe monolayer with the stereo-chemical antibonding lone-pair state. (arXiv:2308.14413v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Changmeng Huan, Yongqing Cai, Devesh R. Kripalani, Kun Zhou, Qingqing Ke

Two-dimensional (2D) materials tend to have the preferably formation of vacancies at the outer surface. Here, contrary to the normal notion, we reveal a type of vacancy that thermodynamically initiates from the interior part of the 2D backbone of germanium selenide ({\gamma}-GeSe). Interestingly, the Ge-vacancy (VGe) in the interior part of {\gamma}-GeSe possesses the lowest formation energy amongst the various types of defects considered. We also find a low diffusion barrier (1.04 eV) of VGe which is a half of those of sulfur vacancy in MoS2. The facile formation of mobile VGe is rooted in the antibonding coupling of the lone-pair Ge 4s and Se 4p states near the valence band maximum, which also exists in other gamma-phase MX (M=Sn, Ge; X=S, Te). The VGe is accompanied by a shallow acceptor level in the band gap and induces strong infrared light absorption and p-type conductivity. The VGe located in the middle cationic Ge sublattice is well protected by the surface Se layers-a feature that is absent in other atomically thin materials. Our work suggests that the unique well-buried inner VGe, with the potential of forming structurally protected ultrathin conducting filaments, may render the GeSe layer an ideal platform for quantum emitting, memristive, and neuromorphic applications.

High-throughput screening of heterogeneous transition metal dual-atom catalysts by synergistic effect for nitrate reduction to ammonia. (arXiv:2308.14439v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Zheng Shu, Hongfei Chen, Xing Liu, Huaxian Jia, Hejin Yan, Yongqing Cai

Nitrate reduction to ammonia has attracted much attention for nitrate (NO3-) removal and ammonia (NH3) production. Identifying promising catalyst for active nitrate electroreduction reaction (NO3RR) is critical to realize efficient upscaling synthesis of NH3 under low-temperature condition. For this purpose, by means of spin-polarized first-principles calculations, the NO3RR performance on a series of graphitic carbon nitride (g-CN) supported double-atom catalysts (denoted as M1M2@g-CN) are systematically investigated. The synergistic effect of heterogeneous dual-metal sites can bring out tunable activity and selectivity for NO3RR. Amongst 21 candidates examined, FeMo@g-CN and CrMo@g-CN possess a high performance with low limiting potentials of -0.34 and -0.39 V, respectively. The activities can be attributed to a synergistic effect of the M1M2 dimer d orbitals coupling with the anti-bonding orbital of NO3-. The dissociation of deposited FeMo and CrMo dimers into two separated monomers is proved to be difficult, ensuring the kinetic stability of M1M2@g-CN. Furthermore, the dual-metal decorated on g-CN significantly reduces the bandgap of g-CN and broadens the adsorption window of visible light, implying its great promise for photocatalysis. This work opens a new avenue for future theoretical and experimental design related to NO3RR photo-/electrocatalysts.

Magnetic kagome materials RETi3Bi4 family with weak interlayer interactions. (arXiv:2308.14509v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Jingwen Guo, Liqin Zhou, Jianyang Ding, Gexing Qu, Zhengtai Liu, Yu Du, Heng Zhang, Jiajun Li, Yiying Zhang, Fuwei Zhou, Wuyi Qi, Fengyi Guo, Tianqi Wang, Fucong Fei, Yaobo Huang, Tian Qian, Dawei Shen, Hongming Weng, Fengqi Song

Kagome materials have attracted a surge of research interest recently, especially for the ones combining with magnetism, and the ones with weak interlayer interactions which can fabricate thin devices. However, kagome materials combining both characters of magnetism and weak interlayer interactions are rare. Here we investigate a new family of titanium based kagome materials RETi3Bi4 (RE = Eu, Gd and Sm). The flakes of nanometer thickness of RETi3Bi4 can be obtained by exfoliation due to the weak interlayer interactions. According to magnetic measurements, out-of-plane ferromagnetism, out-of-plane anti-ferromagnetism, and in-plane ferromagnetism are formed for RE = Eu, Gd, and Sm respectively. The magnetic orders are simple and the saturation magnetizations can be relatively large since the rare earth elements solely provide the magnetic moments. Further by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and first-principles calculations, the electronic structures of RETi3Bi4 are investigated. The ARPES results are consistent with the calculations, indicating the bands characteristic with kagome sublattice in RETi3Bi4. We expect these materials to be promising candidates for observation of the exotic magnetic topological phases and the related topological quantum transport studies.

Topological marker approach to an interacting Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model. (arXiv:2308.14534v1 [cond-mat.str-el])
Pedro B. Melo, Sebastião A. S. Júnior, Wei Chen, Rubem Mondaini, Thereza Paiva

The topological properties of the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model in the presence of nearest-neighbor interaction are investigated by means of a topological marker, generalized from a noninteracting one by utilizing the single-particle Green's function of the many-body ground state. We find that despite the marker not being perfectly quantized in the presence of interactions, it always remains finite in the topologically nontrivial phase while converging to zero in the trivial phase when approaching the thermodynamic limit, and hence correctly judges the topological phases in the presence of interactions. The marker also correctly captures the interaction-driven, second-order phase transitions between a topological phase and a Landau-ordered phase, which is a charge density wave order in our model with a local order parameter, as confirmed by the calculation of entanglement entropy and the many-body Zak phase. Our work thus points to the possibility of generalizing topological markers to interacting systems through Green's function, which may be feasible for topological insulators in any dimension and symmetry class.

External magnetic fields enhance capture of magnetic nanoparticles flowing through molded microfluidic channels by ferromagnetic nanostructures. (arXiv:2308.14543v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Reyne Dowling, Mikhail Kostylev

Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have many applications which require MNPs to be captured and immobilized for their manipulation and sensing. For example, MNP sensors based on detecting changes to the ferromagnetic resonances of an antidot nanostructure exhibit better performance when the nanoparticles are captured within the antidot inclusions. This study investigates the influence of microfluidics upon the capture of MNPs by four geometries of antidot array nanostructures hollowed into 30 nm-thick Permalloy films. The nanostructures were exposed to a dispersion of 130 nm MNP clusters which passed through PDMS microfluidic channels with a 400 {\mu}m circular cross-section fabricated from wire molds. With the microfluidic flow of MNPs, the capture efficiency - the ratio between the number of nanoparticles captured inside of the antidot inclusions to the number outside the inclusions - decreased for all four geometries compared to previous results introducing the particles via droplets on the film surface. This indicates that most MNPs were passing over the nanostructures, since there were no significant magnetophoretic forces acting upon the particles. However, when a static magnetic field is applied, the magnetophoretic forces generated by the nanostructure are stronger and the capture efficiencies are significantly higher than those obtained using droplets. In particular, circular antidots demonstrated the highest capture efficiency among the four geometries of almost 83.1% when the magnetic field is parallel to the film plane. In a magnetic field perpendicular to the film, the circle antidots again show the highest capture efficiency of about 77%. These results suggest that the proportion of nanoparticles captured inside antidot inclusions is highest under a parallel magnetic field. Clearly, the geometry of the nanostructure has a strong influence on the capture of MNPs.

Two-dimensional weak topological insulators and superconductors. (arXiv:2308.14564v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Yuanjun Jin, XingYu Yue, Yong Xu, Xiang-Long Yu, Guoqing Chang

The one-dimensional (1D) Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model is central to band topology in condensed matter physics, which allows us to understand and design topological states. The Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model serves as a basis for topological insulators and provides insights into various topological states. In this letter, we find another mechanism to analogize the SSHmodel by introducing intrinsic spin-orbital coupling (SOC) and in-plane Zeeman field instead of relying on alternating hopping integrals. In our model, the bound states are protected by a quantizedhidden polarization andcharacterized by a weak Z2 index (0;01) due to the inversion symmetry I. When the I symmetry is broken, charge pumping is achieved by tuning the polarization. Moreover, by introducing the p + ip superconductor pairing potential, a new topological phase called weak topological superconductor (TSC) is identified. The new TSC is characterized by a weak Z2 index (0;01) and nonchiral bound states. More interestingly, these nonchiral bound states give rise to a chiral nonlocal conductance, which is different from the traditional chiral TSC. Our findings not only innovate the SSH model, but also predict the existence of weak TSC, providing an alternative avenue for further exploration of its transport properties.

Impact of atomic reconstruction on optical spectra of twisted TMD homobilayers. (arXiv:2308.14633v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Joakim Hagel, Samuel Brem, Johannes Abelardo Pineiro, Ermin Malic

Twisted bilayers of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have revealed a rich exciton landscape including hybrid excitons and spatially trapped moir\'e excitons that dominate the optical response of the material. Recent studies have revealed that in the low-twist-angle regime, the lattice undergoes a significant relaxation in order to minimize local stacking energies. Here, large domains of low energy stacking configurations emerge, deforming the crystal lattices via strain and consequently impacting the electronic band structure. However, so far the direct impact of atomic reconstruction on the exciton energy landscape and the optical properties has not been well understood. Here, we apply a microscopic and material-specific approach and predict a significant change in the potential depth for moir\'e excitons in a reconstructed lattice, with the most drastic change occurring in TMD homobilayers. We reveal the appearance of multiple flat bands and a significant change in the position of trapping sites compared to the rigid lattice. Most importantly, we predict a multi-peak structure emerging in optical absorption of WSe$_2$ homobilayers - in stark contrast to the single peak that dominates the rigid lattice. This finding can be exploited as an unambiguous signature of atomic reconstruction in optical spectra of moir\'e excitons in twisted homobilayers.

New polarization rotation and exact TEM wave solutions in topological insulators. (arXiv:2308.14673v1 [cond-mat.mes-hall])
Sebastián Filipini, Mauro Cambiaso

In the context of $\theta$ electrodynamics we find transverse electromagnetic wave solutions forbidden in Maxwell electrodynamics. Our results attest to new evidence of the topological magnetoelectric effect in topological insulators, resulting from a polarization rotation of an external electromagnetic field. Unlike Faraday and Kerr rotations, the effect does not rely on a longitudinal magnetic field, the reflected field, or birefringence. The rotation occurs due to transversal discontinuities of the topological magnetoelectric parameter in cylindrical geometries. The dispersion relation is linear, and birefringence is absent. One solution behaves as an optical fiber confining exact transverse electromagnetic fields with omnidirectional reflectivity. These results may open new possibilities in optics and photonics by utilizing topological insulators to manipulate light.

Enhanced quantum transport in chiral quantum walks. (arXiv:2308.14747v1 [quant-ph])
Emilio Annoni, Massimo Frigerio, Matteo G. A. Paris

Quantum transport across discrete structures is a relevant topic of solid state physics and quantum information science, which can be suitably studied in the context of continuous-time quantum walks. The addition of phases degrees of freedom, leading to chiral quantum walks, can also account for directional transport on graphs with loops. We discuss criteria for quantum transport and study the enhancement that can be achieved with chiral quantum walks on chain-like graphs, exploring different topologies for the chain units and optimizing over the phases. We select three candidate structures with optimal performance and investigate their transport behaviour with Krylov reduction. While one of them can be reduced to a weighted line with minor couplings modulation, the other two are truly chiral quantum walks, with enhanced transport probability over long chain structures.

Ultrahigh Photoresponsivity of Gold Nanodisk Array/CVD MoS$_2$-based Hybrid Phototransistor. (arXiv:2308.14750v1 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci])
Shyam Narayan Singh Yadav, Po-Liang Chen, Yu-Chi Yao, Yen-Yu Wang, Der-Hsien Lien, Yu-Jung Lu, Ya-Ping Hsieh, Chang-Hua Liu, Ta-Jen Yen

Owing to its atomically thin thickness, layer-dependent tunable band gap, flexibility, and CMOS compatibility, MoS$_2$ is a promising candidate for photodetection. However, mono-layer MoS2-based photodetectors typically show poor optoelectronic performances, mainly limited by their low optical absorption. In this work, we hybridized CVD-grown monolayer MoS$_2$ with a gold nanodisk (AuND) array to demonstrate a superior visible photodetector through a synergetic effect. It is evident from our experimental results that there is a strong light-matter interaction between AuNDs and monolayer MoS$_2$, which results in better photodetection due to a surface trap state passivation with a longer charge carrier lifetime compared to pristine MoS$_2$. In particular, the AuND/MoS$_2$ system demonstrated a photoresponsivity of $8.7 \times 10^{4}$ A/W, specific detectivity of $6.9 \times 10^{13}$ Jones, and gain $1.7 \times 10^{5}$ at $31.84 \mu W/cm^{2}$ illumination power density of 632 nm wavelength with an applied voltage of 4.0 V for an AuND/MoS$_2$-based photodetector. To our knowledge, these optoelectronic responses are one order higher than reported results for CVD MoS$_2$-based photodetector in the literature.

Impact of the X ray edge singularity on detection of relic neutrinos in the PTOLEMY project. (arXiv:2202.07406v2 [physics.ins-det] UPDATED)
Zhiyang Tan, Vadim Cheianov

Direct detection of relic neutrinos in a beta-decay experiment is an ambitious goal, which has for a long time been beyond the reach of available technology. One of the toughest practical difficulties that such an experiment has to overcome is that it needs to deal with a large amount of radioactive material in such a way as to not compromise the energy resolution required for the separation of useful events from the massive beta-decay background. The PTOLEMY project offers an innovative approach to this problem based on deposition of radioactive material on graphene. While such an approach is expected to resolve the main difficulty, new challenges arise from the proximity of the beta decayers to a solid state system. In this work, we focus on the effect of the shakeup of the graphene electron system due to a beta-decay event. We calculate the distortion of the relic neutrino peaks as resulting from such a shakeup, analyse the impact of the distortion on the visibility of neutrino capture events and discuss what technological solutions could be used to improve the visibility of neutrino capture events.

Charge density wave and superconductivity in 6R-TaS2. (arXiv:2206.00281v3 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Sudip Pal, Prakash Bahera, S. R. Sahoo, Himanshu Srivastava, A. K. Srivastava, N. P. Lalla, Raman Sankar, A. Banerjee, S. B. Roy

The layered transition metal dichalcogenide compounds 1T-TaS2 and 4H-TaS2 are well known for their exotic properties, which include charge density wave, superconductivity, Mott transition, etc., and lately quantum spin liquid. Here, we report the magnetic, transport and transmission electron microscopy study of the charge density wave and superconductivity in 6R-TaS2 which is a relatively less studied polymorph of this dichalcogenide TaS2. Our high temperature electron microscopy reveals multiple charge density wave transitions between room temperature and 650K. Magnetization, and the electrical resistivity measurements in the temperature range of 2-400 K reveal that 6R-TaS2 undergoes a charge density wave transition around 305 K and is followed by a transition to a superconducting state around 3.5 K. The low temperature specific heat measurement exhibits anomaly associated with the superconducting transition around 2.4 K. The estimated Ginzburg Landau parameter suggests that this compound lies at the extreme limit of type-II superconductivity.

Extremely Large Magnetoresistance and Anisotropic Transport in Multipolar Kondo System PrTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$. (arXiv:2210.12436v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Takachika Isomae, Akito Sakai, Mingxuan Fu, Takanori Taniguchi, Masashi Takigawa, Satoru Nakatsuji

Multipolar Kondo systems offer unprecedented opportunities for designing astonishing quantum phases and functionalities beyond spin-only descriptions. A model material platform of this kind is the cubic heavy-fermion system Pr$Tr_{2}$Al$_{20}$ ($Tr=$ Ti, V), which hosts a nonmagnetic crystal-electric-field (CEF) ground state and substantial Kondo entanglement of the local quadrupolar and octopolar moments with the conduction electron sea. Here, we explore magnetoresistance (MR) and Hall effect of PrTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$ that develops ferroquadrupolar (FQ) order below $T_{Q} \sim 2$ K and compare its behavior with that of the non-4$f$ analog, LaTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$. In the FQ ordered phase, PrTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$ displays extremely large magnetoresistance (XMR) of $\sim 10^{3}\%$. The unsaturated, quasi-linear field ($B$) dependence of the XMR violates the conventional Kohler's scaling and defies description based on carrier compensation alone. By comparing the MR and the Hall effect observed in PrTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$ and LaTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$, we conclude that the open-orbit topology on the electron-type Fermi surface (FS) sheet is key for the observed XMR. The low-temperature MR and the Hall resistivity in PrTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$ display pronounced anisotropy in the [111] and [001] magnetic fields, which is absent in LaTi$_{2}$Al$_{20}$, suggesting that the transport anisotropy ties in with the anisotropic magnetic-field response of the quadrupolar order parameter.

Observation of suppressed viscosity in the normal state of $^3$He due to superfluid fluctuations. (arXiv:2212.12520v3 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Rakin N. Baten, Yefan Tian, Eric N. Smith, Erich Mueller, Jeevak M. Parpia

By monitoring the quality factor of a quartz tuning fork oscillator we have observed a fluctuation-driven reduction in the viscosity of bulk $^3$He in the normal state near the superfluid transition temperature, $T_c$. These fluctuations, which are only found within $100 \mu$K of $T_c$, play a vital role in the theoretical modeling of ordering; they encode details about the Fermi liquid parameters, pairing symmetry, and scattering phase shifts. They will be of crucial importance for transport probes of the topologically nontrivial features of superfluid $^3$He under strong confinement. Here we characterize the temperature and pressure dependence of the fluctuation signature, finding data collapse consistent with the predicted theoretical behavior.

Resonating holes vs molecular spin-orbit coupled states in group-5 lacunar spinels. (arXiv:2301.03392v3 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Thorben Petersen, Pritam Bhattacharyya, Ulrich K. Rößler, Liviu Hozoi

The valence electronic structure of magnetic centers is one of the factors that determines the characteristics of a magnet. It may refer to orbital degeneracy, as for $j_\text{eff}=1/2$ Kitaev magnets, or near-degeneracy, e.g. involving the third and fourth shells in cuprate superconductors. Here we explore the inner structure of magnetic moments in group-5 lacunar spinels, fascinating materials featuring multisite magnetic units in the form of tetrahedral tetramers. Our quantum chemical analysis reveals a very colorful landscape, much richer than the single-electron, single-configuration description applied so far to all group-5 Ga$M_4X_8$ chalcogenides, and clarifies the basic multiorbital correlations on $M_4$ tetrahedral clusters: while for V strong correlations yield a wave-function that can be well described in terms of four V$^{4+}$V$^{3+}$V$^{3+}$V$^{3+}$ resonant valence structures, for Nb and Ta a picture of dressed molecular-orbital-like $j_\text{eff}=3/2$ entities is more appropriate. These internal degrees of freedom likely shape vibronic couplings, phase transitions, and magneto-electric properties in each of these systems.

Heavy quasiparticles and cascades without symmetry breaking in twisted bilayer graphene. (arXiv:2301.13024v3 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Anushree Datta, M.J. Calderón, A. Camjayi, E. Bascones

Among the variety of correlated states exhibited by twisted bilayer graphene, cascades in the spectroscopic properties and in the electronic compressibility occur over larger ranges of energy, twist angle and temperature compared to other effects. This suggests a hierarchy of phenomena. Using combined dynamical mean-field theory and Hartree calculations, we show that the spectral weight reorganisation associated with the formation of local moments and heavy quasiparticles can explain the cascade of electronic resets without invoking symmetry breaking orders. The phenomena reproduced here include the cascade flow of spectral weight, the oscillations of remote band energies, and the asymmetric jumps of the inverse compressibility. We also predict a strong momentum differentiation in the incoherent spectral weight associated with the fragile topology of twisted bilayer graphene.

GlassNet: a multitask deep neural network for predicting many glass properties. (arXiv:2303.15538v2 [cond-mat.soft] UPDATED)
Daniel R. Cassar

A multitask deep neural network model was trained on more than 218k different glass compositions. This model, called GlassNet, can predict 85 different properties (such as optical, electrical, dielectric, mechanical, and thermal properties, as well as density, viscosity/relaxation, crystallization, surface tension, and liquidus temperature) of glasses and glass-forming liquids of different chemistries (such as oxides, chalcogenides, halides, and others). The model and the data used to train it are available in the GlassPy Python module as free and open source software for the community to use and build upon. As a proof of concept, GlassNet was used with the MYEGA viscosity equation to predict the temperature dependence of viscosity and outperformed another general purpose viscosity model available in the literature (ViscNet) on unseen data. An explainable AI algorithm (SHAP) was used to extract knowledge correlating the input (physicochemical information) and output (glass properties) of the model, providing valuable insights for glass manufacturing and design. It is hoped that GlassNet, with its free and open source nature, can be used to enable faster and better computer-aided design of new technological glasses.

Preparing and Analyzing Solitons in the sine-Gordon Model with Quantum Gas Microscopes. (arXiv:2303.16221v2 [cond-mat.quant-gas] UPDATED)
Elisabeth Wybo, Alvise Bastianello, Monika Aidelsburger, Immanuel Bloch, Michael Knap

The sine-Gordon model emerges as a low-energy theory in a plethora of quantum many-body systems. Here, we theoretically investigate tunnel-coupled Bose-Hubbard chains with strong repulsive interactions as a realization of the sine-Gordon model deep in the quantum regime. We propose protocols for quantum gas microscopes of ultracold atoms to prepare and analyze solitons, that are the fundamental topological excitations of the emergent sine-Gordon theory. With numerical simulations based on matrix product states we characterize the preparation and detection protocols and discuss the experimental requirements.

Higher-order topological and nodal superconducting transition-metal sulfides MS (M = Nb and Ta). (arXiv:2304.03062v4 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Yipeng An, Juncai Chen, Yong Yan, Jinfeng Wang, Yinong Zhou, Zhengxuan Wang, Chunlan Ma, Tianxing Wang, Ruqian Wu, Wuming Liu

Intrinsic topological superconducting materials are exotic and vital to develop the next-generation topological superconducting devices, topological quantum calculations, and quantum information technologies. Here, we predict the topological and nodal superconductivity of MS (M = Nb and Ta) transition-metal sulfides by using the density functional theory for superconductors combining with the symmetry indicators. We reveal their higher-order topology nature with an index of Z4 = 2. These materials have a higher Tc than the Nb or Ta metal superconductors due to their flat-band and strong electron-phonon coupling nature. Electron doping and lighter isotopes can effectively enhance the Tc. Our findings show that the MS (M = Nb and Ta) systems can be new platforms to study exotic physics in the higher-order topological superconductors, and provide a theoretical support to utilize them as the topological superconducting devices in the field of advanced topological quantum calculations and information technologies.

Magnetic properties of a spin-orbit entangled Jeff=1/2 three-dimensional frustrated rare-earth hyperkagome. (arXiv:2304.07350v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
B. Sana, M. Barik, M. Pregelj, U. Jena, M. Baenitz, J. Sichelschmidt, K. Sethupathi, P. Khuntia

The interplay between competing degrees of freedom can stabilize non-trivial magnetic states in correlated electron materials. Frustration-induced strong quantum fluctuations can evade long-range magnetic ordering leading to exotic quantum states such as spin liquids in two-dimensional spin-lattices such as triangular and kagome structures. However, the experimental realization of dynamic and correlated quantum states is rare in three-dimensional (3D) frustrated magnets wherein quantum fluctuations are less prominent. Herein, we report the crystal structure, magnetic susceptibility, electron spin resonance (ESR) and specific heat studies accompanied by crystal electric field (CEF) calculations on a 3D frustrated magnet Yb3Sc2Ga3O12. In this material, Yb3+ ions form a three-dimensional network of corner-sharing triangles known as hyperkagome lattice without any detectable anti-site disorder. Our results reveal a low energy state with Jeff = 1/2 degrees of freedom in the Kramers doublet state. The zero field-cooled and field cooled magnetic susceptibility taken in 0.001 T rules out the presence of spin-freezing down to 1.8K. The Curie-Weiss (CW) fit to low-T susceptibility data yields a small and negative CW temperature indicating the presence of a weak antiferromagnetic interaction between Jeff = 1/2 (Yb3+) moments. The Yb-ESR displays a broad line of non-Lorentzian shape that suggests considerable magnetic anisotropy in Yb3Sc2Ga3O12. The CEF calculations suggest that the ground state is well separated from the excited states, which are in good agreement with experimental results. The absence of long-range magnetic ordering indicates a dynamic liquid-like ground state at least down to 130 mK. Furthermore, zero field specific heat shows a broad maximum around 200 mK suggesting the presence of short-range spin correlations in this 3D frustrated antiferromagnet.

Ab-initio Simulations of Coherent Phonon-Induced Pumping of Carriers in Zirconium Pentatelluride. (arXiv:2304.08449v2 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] UPDATED)
Tao Jiang, Peter P. Orth, Liang Luo, Lin-Lin Wang, Feng Zhang, Cai-Zhuang Wang, Jin Zhao, Kai-Ming Ho, Jigang Wang, Yong-Xin Yao

Laser-driven coherent phonons can act as modulated strain fields and modify the adiabatic ground state topology of quantum materials. Here we use time-dependent first-principles and effective model calculations to simulate the effect of the coherent phonon induced by strong terahertz electric field on electronic carriers in the topological insulator ZrTe$_5$. We show that a coherent $A_\text{1g}$ Raman mode modulation can effectively pump carriers across the band gap, even though the phonon energy is about an order of magnitude smaller than the equilibrium band gap. We reveal the microscopic mechanism of this effect which occurs via Landau-Zener-St\"uckelberg tunneling of Bloch electrons in a narrow region in the Brillouin zone center where the transient energy gap closes when the system switches from strong to weak topological insulator. The quantum dynamics simulation results are in excellent agreement with recent pump-probe experiments in ZrTe$_5$ at low temperature.

Topological properties and shape of proliferative and non-proliferative cell monolayers. (arXiv:2305.03990v2 [cond-mat.soft] UPDATED)
Daria S. Roshal, Karim Azzag, Kirill K. Fedorenko, Sergei B. Rochal, Stephen Baghdiguian

During embryonic development, structures with complex geometry can emerge from planar epithelial monolayers and to study these shape transitions is of key importance for revealing the biophysical laws involved in the morphogenesis of biological systems. Here, using the example of normal proliferative monkey kidney (COS) cell monolayers, we investigate global and local topological characteristics of this model system in dependence on its shape. The obtained distributions of cells by their valence demonstrate a previously undetected difference between the spherical and planar monolayers. In addition, in both spherical and planar monolayers, the probability to observe a pair of neighboring cells with certain valences depends on the topological charge of the pair. The zero topological charge of the cell pair can increase the probability for the cells to be the nearest neighbors. We then test and confirm that analogous relationships take place in a more ordered spherical system with a larger fraction of 6-valent cells, namely in the non-proliferative epithelium (follicular system) of ascidian species oocytes. However, unlike spherical COS cell monolayers, ascidian monolayers are prone to non-random agglomeration of 6-valent cells and have linear topological defects called scars and pleats. The reasons for this difference in morphology are discussed. The morphological peculiarities found are compared with predictions of widely used vertex model of epithelium.

Emergence of non-Abelian SU(2) invariance in Abelian frustrated fermionic ladders. (arXiv:2305.06911v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Bachana Beradze, Mikheil Tsitsishvili, Emanuele Tirrito, Marcello Dalmonte, Titas Chanda, Alexander Nersesyan

We consider a system of interacting spinless fermions on a two-leg triangular ladder with $\pi/2$ magnetic flux per triangular plaquette. Microscopically, the system exhibits a U(1) symmetry corresponding to the conservation of total fermionic charge, and a discrete $\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry -- a product of parity transformation and chain permutation. Using bosonization, we show that, in the low-energy limit, the system is described by the quantum double-frequency sine-Gordon model. On the basis of this correspondence, a rich phase diagram of the system is obtained. It includes trivial and topological band insulators for weak interactions, separated by a Gaussian critical line, whereas at larger interactions a strongly correlated phase with spontaneously broken $\mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry sets in, exhibiting a net charge imbalance and non-zero total current. At the intersection of the three phases, the system features a critical point with an emergent SU(2) symmetry. This non-Abelian symmetry, absent in the microscopic description, is realized at low-energies as a combined effect of the magnetic flux, frustration, and many-body correlations. The criticality belongs to the SU(2)$_1$ Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten universality class. The critical point bifurcates into two Ising critical lines that separate the band insulators from the strong-coupling symmetry broken phase. We establish an analytical connection between the low-energy description of our model around the critical bifurcation point on one hand, and the Ashkin-Teller model and a weakly dimerized XXZ spin-1/2 chain on the other. We complement our field-theory understanding via tensor network simulations, providing compelling quantitative evidences of all bosonization predictions. Our findings are of interest to up-to-date cold atom experiments utilizing Rydberg dressing, that have already demonstrated correlated ladder dynamics.

Generation of electric current by magnetic field at the boundary: quantum scale anomaly vs. semiclassical Meissner current outside of the conformal limit. (arXiv:2305.14033v2 [hep-lat] UPDATED)
M. N. Chernodub, V. A. Goy, A. V. Molochkov

The scale (conformal) anomaly can generate an electric current near the boundary of a system in the presence of a static magnetic field. The magnitude of this magnetization current, produced at zero temperature and in the absence of matter, is proportional to a beta function associated with the renormalization of the electric charge. Using first-principle lattice simulations, we investigate how the breaking of the scale symmetry affects this ``scale magnetic effect'' near a Dirichlet boundary in scalar QED (Abelian Higgs model). We demonstrate the interplay of the generated current with vortex excitations both in symmetric (normal) and broken (superconducting) phases and compare the results with the anomalous current produced in the conformal, scale-invariant regime. Possible experimental signatures of the effect in Dirac semimetals are discussed.

Non-Hermitian Haldane-Hubbard model: Effective description of one- and two-body dissipation. (arXiv:2305.18762v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Can Wang, Tian-Cheng Yi, Jian Li, Rubem Mondaini

Using numerically exact diagonalization, we study the correlated Haldane-Hubbard model in the presence of dissipation. Such dissipation can be modeled at short times by the dynamics governed by an effective non-Hermitian Hamiltonian, of which we present a full characterization. If the dissipation corresponds to a two-body loss, the repulsive interaction of the effective Hamiltonian acquires an imaginary component. A competition between the formation of a charge-ordered Mott insulator state and a topological insulator ensues, but with the non-Hermitian contribution aiding in stabilizing the topologically non-trivial regime, delaying the onset of the formation of a local order parameter. Lastly, we analyze the robustness of the ordered phase by following the full dissipative many-body real-time dynamics. An exponentially fast melting of the charge order occurs, whose characteristic rate is roughly independent of the interaction strength, for the case of one-body dissipation.

A unified quasiparticle approach to the theory of strongly correlated electron liquids. (arXiv:2305.19385v3 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
V. A. Khodel, J. W. Clark, M. V. Zverev

Landau's quasiparticle formalism is generalized to describe a wide class of strongly correlated Fermi systems, in addition to conventional Fermi liquids. This class includes (i) so-called marginal exemplars and (ii) systems that harbor interaction-driven flat bands, in both of which manifestations of non-Fermi-liquid behavior are well documented. Specifically, the advent of such flat bands is attributed to a spontaneous topological rearrangement of the Landau state that supplements the conventional Landau quasiparticle picture with a different set of quasiparticles, the so-called fermion condensate, whose single-particle spectrum is dispersionless. The celebrated Landau-Luttinger theorem is extended to marginal Fermi liquids, in which the density of the augmented quasiparticle system is shown to coincide with the particle density. On the other hand, the total density of a system hosting an interaction-driven flat band turns out to be the sum of the densities of the two quasiparticle subsystems: the Landau-like component and the fermion condensate. We demonstrate that within the framework of the scenario proposed, salient features of $D$-wave superconductivity of overdoped cuprates, including the ratio $T_c^{\rm max}/T_F$ of the maximum critical temperature to the Fermi temperature on the Uemura plot, are properly described.

Band gaps of long-period polytypes of IV, IV-IV, and III-V semiconductors estimated with an Ising-type additivity model. (arXiv:2306.17756v3 [physics.chem-ph] UPDATED)
Raghunathan Ramakrishnan, Shruti Jain

We apply an Ising-type model to estimate the band gaps of the polytypes of group IV elements (C, Si, and Ge) and binary compounds of groups: IV-IV (SiC, GeC, and GeSi), and III-V (nitride, phosphide, and arsenide of B, Al, and Ga). The models use reference band gaps of the simplest polytypes comprising 2--6 bilayers calculated with the hybrid density functional approximation, HSE06. We report four models capable of estimating band gaps of nine polytypes containing 7 and 8 bilayers with an average error of $\lesssim0.05$ eV. We apply the best model with an error of $<0.04$ eV to predict the band gaps of 497 polytypes with up to 15 bilayers in the unit cell, providing a comprehensive view of the variation in the electronic structure with the degree of hexagonality of the crystal structure. Within our enumeration, we identify four rhombohedral polytypes of SiC -- 9$R$, 12$R$, 15$R$(1), and 15$R$(2) -- and perform detailed stability and band structure analysis. Of these, 15$R$(1) that has not been experimentally characterized has the widest band gap ($>3.4$ eV); phonon analysis and cohesive energy reveal 15$R$(1)-SiC to be metastable. Additionally, we model the energies of valence and conduction bands of the rhombohedral SiC phases at the high-symmetry points of the Brillouin zone and predict band structure characteristics around the Fermi level. The models presented in this study may aid in identifying polytypic phases suitable for various applications, such as the design of wide-gap materials, that are relevant to high-voltage applications. In particular, the method holds promise for forecasting electronic properties of long-period and ultra-long-period polytypes for which accurate first-principles modeling is computationally challenging.

Magnon-magnon coupling in synthetic ferrimagnets. (arXiv:2307.06888v2 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] UPDATED)
A. Sud, K. Yamamoto, K. Z. Suzuki, S. Mizukami, H. Kurebayashi

Magnetic multilayers with interlayer exchange coupling have been widely studied for both static and dynamic regimes. Their dynamical responses depend on the exchange coupling strength and magnetic properties of individual layers. Magnetic resonance spectra in such systems are conveniently discussed in terms of coupling of acoustic and optical modes. At a certain value of applied magnetic field, the two modes come close to being degenerate and the spectral gap indicates the strength of mode hybridisation. In this work, we theoretically and experimentally study the mode hybridisation of interlayer-exchange-coupled moments with dissimilar magnetisation and thickness of two ferromagnetic layers. In agreement with symmetry analysis for eigenmodes, our low-symmetry multilayers exhibit sizable spectral gaps for all experimental conditions. The spectra agree well with the predictions from the Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation at the macrospin limit whose parameters are independently fixed by static measurements.

Critical fates induced by interaction competition in the three-dimensional tilted Dirac semimetals. (arXiv:2307.13436v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Jing Wang, Jie-Qiong Li, Wen-Hao Bian, Qiao-Chu Zhang, Xiao-Yue Ren

The interplay between Coulomb interaction, electron-phonon coupling, and phonon-phonon coupling has a significant impact on the low-energy behavior of three-dimensional type-I tilted Dirac semimetals. To investigate this phenomenon, we construct an effective theory, calculate one-loop corrections contributed by all these interactions, and establish the coupled energy-dependent flows of all associated interaction parameters by adopting the renormalization group approach. Deciphering such coupled evolutions allows us to determine a series of low-energy critical outcomes for these materials. At first, we present the low-energy tendencies of all interaction parameters. The tilting parameter exhibits distinct tendencies that depend heavily upon the initial anisotropy of fermion velocities. In comparison, the latter is mainly dominated by its own initial value but less sensitive to the former. With variance of these two quantities, parts of the interaction parameters are driven towards the strong anisotropy in the low-energy, indicating the screened interaction in certain directions, while others tend to move towards an approximate isotropy. Additionally, we observe that the tendencies of interaction parameters can be qualitatively clustered into three distinct types of fixed points, accompanying the potential instabilities around which certain interaction-driven phase transition is trigged. Furthermore, approaching such fixed points leads to physical quantities, such as the density of states, compressibility, and specific heat, exhibiting behavior that is significantly different from their non-interacting counterparts and even deviates slightly from Fermi-liquid behavior. Our investigation sheds light on the intricate relationship between different types of interactions in these semimetals, and provide useful insights into their fundamental properties.

Engineering Floquet codes by rewinding. (arXiv:2307.13668v3 [quant-ph] UPDATED)
Arpit Dua, Nathanan Tantivasadakarn, Joseph Sullivan, Tyler D. Ellison

Floquet codes are a novel class of quantum error-correcting codes with dynamically generated logical qubits, which arise from a periodic schedule of non-commuting measurements. We engineer new examples of Floquet codes with measurement schedules that $\textit{rewind}$ during each period. The rewinding schedules are advantageous in our constructions for both obtaining a desired set of instantaneous stabilizer groups and for constructing boundaries. Our first example is a Floquet code that has instantaneous stabilizer groups that are equivalent -- via finite-depth circuits -- to the 2D color code and exhibits a $\mathbb{Z}_3$ automorphism of the logical operators. Our second example is a Floquet code with instantaneous stabilizer codes that have the same topological order as the 3D toric code. This Floquet code exhibits a splitting of the topological order of the 3D toric code under the associated sequence of measurements i.e., an instantaneous stabilizer group of a single copy of 3D toric code in one round transforms into an instantaneous stabilizer group of two copies of 3D toric codes up to nonlocal stabilizers, in the following round. We further construct boundaries for this 3D code and argue that stacking it with two copies of 3D subsystem toric code allows for a transversal implementation of the logical non-Clifford $CCZ$ gate. We also show that the coupled-layer construction of the X-cube Floquet code can be modified by a rewinding schedule such that each of the instantaneous stabilizer codes is finite-depth-equivalent to the X-cube model up to toric codes; the X-cube Floquet code exhibits a splitting of the X-cube model into a copy of the X-cube model and toric codes under the measurement sequence. Our final example is a generalization of the honeycomb code to 3D, which has instantaneous stabilizer codes with the same topological order as the 3D fermionic toric code.

Synthesis of possible room temperature superconductor LK-99:Pb$_9$Cu(PO$_4$)$_6$O. (arXiv:2307.16402v2 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Kapil Kumar, N.K. Karn, V.P.S. Awana (CSIR-NPL, INDIA)

The quest for room-temperature superconductors has been teasing scientists and physicists, since its inception in 1911 itself. Several assertions have already been made about room temperature superconductivity but were never verified or reproduced across the labs. The cuprates were the earliest high transition temperature superconductors, and it seems that copper has done the magic once again. Last week, a Korean group synthesized a Lead Apatite-based compound LK-99, showing a T$_c$ of above 400$^\circ$K. The signatures of superconductivity in the compound are very promising, in terms of resistivity (R = 0) and diamagnetism at T$_c$. Although, the heat capacity (C$_p$) did not show the obvious transition at T$_c$. Inspired by the interesting claims of above room temperature superconductivity in LK-99, in this article, we report the synthesis of polycrystalline samples of LK-99, by following the same heat treatment as reported in [1,2] by the two-step precursor method. The phase is confirmed through X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements, performed after each heat treatment. The room temperature diamagnetism is not evidenced by the levitation of a permanent magnet over the sample or vice versa. Further measurements for the confirmation of bulk superconductivity on variously synthesized samples are underway. Our results on the present LK-99 sample, being synthesized at 925$^\circ$C, as of now do not approve the appearance of bulk superconductivity at room temperature. Further studies with different heat treatments are though, yet underway.

Gold Nanoparticles Aggregation on Graphene Using Reactive Force Field: A Molecular Dynamic Study. (arXiv:2308.04089v3 [] UPDATED)
J. Hingies Monisha, V. Vasumathi, Prabal K Maiti

We examine the aggregation behavior of AuNPs of different sizes on graphene as function of temperature using molecular dynamic simulations with Reax Force Field (ReaxFF). In addition, the consequences of such aggregation on the morphology of AuNPs and the charge transfer behavior of AuNP-Graphene hybrid structure are analyzed. The aggregation of AuNPs on graphene is confirmed from the center of mass distance calculation. The simulation results indicate that the size of AuNPs and temperature significantly affect the aggregation behavior of AuNPs on graphene. The strain calculation showed that shape of AuNPs changes due to the aggregation and the smaller size AuNPs on graphene exhibit more shape changes than larger AuNPs at all the temperatures studies in this work. The charge transfer calculation reveals that, the magnitude of charge transfer is higher for larger AuNPs-graphene composite when compared with smaller AuNPs-graphene composite. The charge transfer trend and the trends seen in the number of Au atoms directly in touch with graphene are identical. Hence, our results conclude that, quantity of Au atoms directly in contact with graphene during aggregation is primarily facilitates charge transfer between AuNPs and graphene.

Magnetic Properties and Spin-orbit Coupling induced Semiconductivity in LK-99. (arXiv:2308.05134v2 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Hua Bai, Lei Gao, Jianrong Ye, Chunhua Zeng, Wuming Liu

Recent reports of a possible room-temperature superconductor called LK-99 have generated a lot of attention worldwide. In just a few days, a large amount of experimental works attempted to reproduce this sample and verify its properties. At the same time a large amount of theoretical works have also been reported. However, many experiments have drawn different conclusions, and many theoretical results are not consistent with experimental results. For one of the structures of LK-99 with the chemical formula as Pb9Cu(PO4)6O, many first-principles calculations did not consider spin-orbit coupling and concluded that it is a flat band metal. However, spin-orbit coupling is often not negligible in systems with heavy elements, and LK-99 contains a large amount of heavy element Pb. We performed calculations of electronic structure of Pb9Cu(PO4)6O with spin-orbit coupling, and the results show that it's not a metal but a semiconductor. This is consistent with many experimental results. In the ferromagnetic state Pb9Cu(PO4)6O is an indirect-bandgap semiconductor with a bandgap of 292 meV. Moreover, its conduction band is a flat band. At an electron doping level of 0.5 e/unit cell, Pb9Cu(PO4)6O becomes metallic and has a flat band with a width of only 25 meV at the Fermi level in the ferromagnetic state. While in the antiferromagnetic-A state, Pb9Cu(PO4)6O is a direct-bandgap semiconductor with a bandgap of 300 meV. As a magnetic narrowband semiconductor, Pb9Cu(PO4)6O may have potential application value in the field of optoelectronic device, photocatalytic, photodetector and spintronics device.

Lorentz-Invariant Interactions in Honeycomb Lattice with Hubbard Interaction. (arXiv:2308.10863v2 [cond-mat.str-el] UPDATED)
Qiao Yang, Yu-Biao Wu, Lin Zhuang, Ji-Min Zhao, Wu-Ming Liu

We derive Lorentz-invariant four-fermion interactions, including Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type and superconducting type, which are widely studied in high-energy physics, from the honeycomb lattice Hamiltonian with Hubbard interaction. We investigate the phase transitions induced by these two interactions and consider the effects of the chemical potential and magnetic flux (Haldane mass term) on these phase transitions. We find that the charge-density-wave and superconductivity generated by the attractive interactions are mainly controlled by the chemical potential, while the magnetic flux delimits the domain of phase transition. Our analysis underscores the influence of the initial topological state on the phase transitions, a facet largely overlooked in prior studies. We present experimental protocols using cold atoms to verify our theoretical results.

Strain-Induced Polarization Enhancement in BaTiO$_3$ Core-Shell Nanoparticles. (arXiv:2308.11044v2 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] UPDATED)
Eugene A. Eliseev, Anna N. Morozovska, Sergei V. Kalinin, Dean R. Evans

Despite fascinating experimental results, the influence of defects and elastic strains on the physical state of nanosized ferroelectrics is still poorly explored theoretically. One of unresolved theoretical problems is the analytical description of the strongly enhanced spontaneous polarization, piezoelectric response, and dielectric properties of ferroelectric oxide thin films and core-shell nanoparticles induced by elastic strains and stresses. In particular, the 10-nm quasi-spherical BaTiO3 core-shell nanoparticles reveal a giant spontaneous polarization up to 130 mu_C/cm2, where the physical origin is a large Ti off-centering. The available theoretical description cannot explain the giant spontaneous polarization observed in these spherical nanoparticles. This work analyzes polar properties of BaTiO3 core-shell spherical nanoparticles using the Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire approach, which considers the nonlinear electrostriction coupling and large Vegard strains in the shell. We reveal that a spontaneous polarization greater than 50 mu_C/cm2 can be stable in a (10-100) nm BaTiO3 core at room temperature, where a 5 nm paraelectric shell is stretched by (3-6)% due to Vegard strains, which contribute to the elastic mismatch at the core-shell interface. The polarization value 50 mu_C/cm2 corresponds to high tetragonality ratios (1.02 - 1.04), which is further increased up to 100 mu_C/cm2 by higher Vegard strains and/or intrinsic surface stresses leading to unphysically high tetragonality ratios (1.08 - 1.16). The nonlinear electrostriction coupling and the elastic mismatch at the core-shell interface are key physical factors of the spontaneous polarization enhancement in the core. Doping with the highly-polarized core-shell nanoparticles can be useful in optoelectronics and nonlinear optics, electric field enhancement, reduced switching voltages, catalysis, and electrocaloric nanocoolers.

Ferromagnetic and insulating behavior in both half magnetic levitation and non-levitation LK-99 like samples. (arXiv:2308.11768v2 [cond-mat.supr-con] UPDATED)
Pinyuan Wang, Xiaoqi Liu, Jun Ge, Chengcheng Ji, Haoran Ji, Yanzhao Liu, Yiwen Ai, Gaoxing Ma, Shichao Qi, Jian Wang

Finding materials exhibiting superconductivity at room temperature has long been one of the ultimate goals in physics and material science. Recently, room-temperature superconducting properties have been claimed in a copper substituted lead phosphate apatite (Pb$_{10-x}$Cu$_x$(PO$_4$)$_6$O, or called LK-99) [1-3]. Using a similar approach, we have prepared LK-99 like samples and confirmed the half-levitation behaviors in some small specimens under the influence of a magnet at room temperature. To examine the magnetic properties of our samples, we have performed systematic magnetization measurements on the as-grown LK-99-like samples, including the half-levitated and non-levitated samples. The magnetization measurements show the coexistence of soft-ferromagnetic and diamagnetic signals in both half-levitated and non-levitated samples. The electrical transport measurements on the as-grown LK-99-like samples including both half-levitated and non-levitated samples show an insulating behavior characterized by the increasing resistivity with the decreasing temperature.

A higher-order topological twist on cold-atom SO(5) Dirac fields. (arXiv:2308.12051v2 [cond-mat.quant-gas] UPDATED)
A. Bermudez, D. González-Cuadra, S. Hands

Ultracold Fermi gases of spin-3/2 atoms provide a clean platform to realise SO(5) models of 4-Fermi interactions in the laboratory. By confining the atoms in a two-dimensional Raman lattice, we show how this system can be used as a flexible quantum simulator of Dirac quantum field theories (QFTs) that combine Gross-Neveu and Thirring interactions with a higher-order topological twist. We show that the lattice model corresponds to a regularization of this QFT with an anisotropic twisted Wilson mass. This allows us to access higher-order topological states protected by a hidden SO(5) symmetry, a remnant of the original rotational symmetry of the 4-Fermi interactions that is not explicitly broken by the lattice discretization. Using large-$N$ methods, we show that the 4-Fermi interactions lead to a rich phase diagram with various competing fermion condensates. Our work opens a route for the implementation of correlated higher-order topological states with tunable interactions that has interesting connections to non-trivial relativistic QFTs of Dirac fermions in $D = 2 + 1$ dimensions.

Found 4 papers in prb
Date of feed: Tue, 29 Aug 2023 03:17:05 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Erratum: Effects of spin-orbit interaction and electron correlations in strontium titanate [Phys. Rev. B 106, 224519 (2022)]
Sergei Urazhdin, Ekram Towsif, and Alexander Mitrofanov
Author(s): Sergei Urazhdin, Ekram Towsif, and Alexander Mitrofanov
[Phys. Rev. B 108, 059902] Published Mon Aug 28, 2023

Large anomalous Hall effect in single crystals of the kagome Weyl ferromagnet ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}\mathrm{Sn}$
Bishnu P. Belbase, Linda Ye, Bishnu Karki, Jorge I. Facio, Jhih-Shih You, Joseph G. Checkelsky, Jeroen van den Brink, and Madhav Prasad Ghimire
Author(s): Bishnu P. Belbase, Linda Ye, Bishnu Karki, Jorge I. Facio, Jhih-Shih You, Joseph G. Checkelsky, Jeroen van den Brink, and Madhav Prasad Ghimire

The material class of kagome metals has rapidly grown and has been established as a field to explore the interplay between electronic topology and magnetism. In this work, we report a combined theoretical and experimental study of the anomalous Hall effect of the ferromagnetic kagome metal ${\mathrm…

[Phys. Rev. B 108, 075164] Published Mon Aug 28, 2023

Optical conductivity of bilayer dice lattices
P. O. Sukhachov, D. O. Oriekhov, and E. V. Gorbar
Author(s): P. O. Sukhachov, D. O. Oriekhov, and E. V. Gorbar

We calculate optical conductivity for bilayer dice lattices in commensurate vertically aligned stackings. The interband optical conductivity reveals a rich activation behavior unique for each of the four stackings. We found that the intermediate energy band, which corresponds to the flat band of a s…

[Phys. Rev. B 108, 075167] Published Mon Aug 28, 2023

Topological hybrid electron-hole Cooper pairing
Alexander Chansky and Dmitry K. Efimkin
Author(s): Alexander Chansky and Dmitry K. Efimkin

We consider electron-hole Cooper pair condensation in a heterostructure formed by a topological insulator (TI) film and a quantum well. We argue that the helical nature of the Dirac electronic states at the TI surface results in the presence of two competing degenerate pairing channels. The correspo…

[Phys. Rev. B 108, 075433] Published Mon Aug 28, 2023

Found 1 papers in nano-lett
Date of feed: Mon, 28 Aug 2023 13:14:23 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

[ASAP] Observation of Termination-Dependent Topological Connectivity in a Magnetic Weyl Kagome Lattice
Federico Mazzola, Stefan Enzner, Philipp Eck, Chiara Bigi, Matteo Jugovac, Iulia Cojocariu, Vitaliy Feyer, Zhixue Shu, Gian Marco Pierantozzi, Alessandro De Vita, Pietro Carrara, Jun Fujii, Phil D. C. King, Giovanni Vinai, Pasquale Orgiani, Cephise Cacho, Matthew D. Watson, Giorgio Rossi, Ivana Vobornik, Tai Kong, Domenico Di Sante, Giorgio Sangiovanni, and Giancarlo Panaccione

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Nano Letters
DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.3c02022