Found 48 papers in cond-mat


Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Residual entropy from temperature incremental Monte Carlo method
Zenan Dai, Xiao Yan Xu
arXiv:2402.17827v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Residual entropy, indicative of the degrees of freedom in a system at absolute zero, is a cornerstone for understanding quantum and classical ground states. Despite its critical role in elucidating low-temperature phenomena and ground state degeneracy, accurately quantifying residual entropy remains a formidable challenge due to significant computational hurdles. In this Letter, we introduce the Temperature Incremental Monte Carlo (TIMC) method, our novel solution crafted to surmount these challenges. The TIMC method incrementally calculates the partition function ratio of neighboring temperatures within Monte Carlo simulations, enabling precise entropy calculations and providing insights into a spectrum of other temperature-dependent observables in a single computational sweep of temperatures. We have rigorously applied TIMC to a variety of complex systems, such as the frustrated antiferromagnetic Ising model on both C60 and 2D triangular lattices, the Newman-Moore spin glass model, and a 2D quantum transverse field Ising model. Notably, our method surmounts the traditional obstacles encountered in partition function measurements when mapping $d$-dimensional quantum models to $d+1$-dimensional classical counterparts. The TIMC method's finesse in detailing entropy across the entire temperature range enriches our comprehension of critical phenomena in condensed matter physics. This includes insights into spin glasses, phases exhibiting spontaneous symmetry breaking, topological states of matter and fracton phases. Our approach not only advances the methodology for probing the entropic landscape of such systems but also paves the way for exploring their broader thermodynamic and quantum mechanical properties.

Quantum anomalous Hall crystal at fractional filling of moir\'e superlattices
D. N. Sheng, A. P. Reddy, A. Abouelkomsan, E. J. Bergholtz, L. Fu
arXiv:2402.17832v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: We predict the emergence a state of matter with intertwined ferromagnetism, charge order and topology in fractionally filled moir\'e superlattice bands. Remarkably, these quantum anomalous Hall crystals exhibit a quantized integer Hall conductance that is different than expected from the filling and Chern number of the band. Microscopic calculations show that this phase is robustly favored at half-filling ($\nu=1/2$) at larger twist angles of the twisted semiconductor bilayer $t$MoTe$_2$

Sublattice structure and topology in spontaneously crystallized electronic states
Yongxin Zeng, Daniele Guerci, Valentin Cr\'epel, Andrew J. Millis, Jennifer Cano
arXiv:2402.17867v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: The prediction and realization of the quantum anomalous Hall effect are often intimately connected to honeycomb lattices in which the sublattice degree of freedom plays a central role in the nontrivial topology. Two-dimensional Wigner crystals, on the other hand, form triangular lattices without sublattice degrees of freedom, resulting in a topologically trivial state. In this Letter, we discuss the possibility of spontaneously formed honeycomb-lattice crystals that exhibit the quantum anomalous Hall effect. Starting from a single-band system with nontrivial quantum geometry, we derive the mean-field energy functional of a class of crystal states and express it as a model of sublattice pseudospins in momentum space. We find that nontrivial quantum geometry leads to extra terms in the pseudospin model that break an effective `time-reversal symmetry' and favor a topologically nontrivial pseudospin texture. When the effects of these extra terms dominate over the ferromagnetic exchange coupling between pseudospins, the anomalous Hall crystal state becomes energetically favorable over the trivial Wigner crystal state.

Band structure and excitonic properties of WSe$_2$ in the isolated monolayer limit in an all-electron approach
Niloufar Dadkhah, Walter R. L. Lambrecht
arXiv:2402.17924v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: A study is presented of the electronic band structure and optical absorption spectrum of monolayer WSe$_2$ using an all-electron quasiparticle self-consistent $GW$ approach, QS$G\hat W$, in which the screened Coulomb interaction $\hat W$ is calculated including ladder diagrams representing electron-hole interaction. The Bethe-Salpeter Equation is used to calculate both the screened Coulomb interaction $\hat W$ in the quasiparticle band structure and the imaginary part of the macroscopic dielectric function. The convergence of the quasiparticle band gap and lowest exciton peak position is studied as function of the separation of the monolayers when using periodic boundary conditions. The quasiparticle gap is found to vary as $1/d$ with $d$ the size of the vacuum separation, while the excitonic lowest peak reaches convergence much faster. The nature of the exciton spectrum is analyzed and shows several excitonic peaks below the quasiparticle gap when a sufficient number of $\textbf{k}$ points is used. They are found to be in good agreement with prior work and experiment after adding spin-orbit coupling corrections and can be explained in the context of the Wannier-Mott theory adapted to 2D.

Universal energy-speed-accuracy trade-offs in driven nonequilibrium systems
J\'er\'emie Klinger, Grant M. Rotskoff
arXiv:2402.17931v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Physical systems driven away from equilibrium by an external controller dissipate heat to the environment; the excess entropy production in the thermal reservoir can be interpreted as a "cost" to transform the system in a finite time. The connection between measure theoretic optimal transport and dissipative nonequilibrium dynamics provides a language for quantifying this cost and has resulted in a collection of "thermodynamic speed limits", which argue that the minimum dissipation of a transformation between two probability distributions is directly proportional to the rate of driving. Thermodynamic speed limits rely on the assumption that the target probability distribution is perfectly realized, which is almost never the case in experiments or numerical simulations. Here, we address the ubiquitous situation in which the external controller is imperfect. As a consequence, we obtain a lower bound for the dissipated work in generic nonequilibrium control problems that 1) is asymptotically tight and 2) matches the thermodynamic speed limit in the case of optimal driving. We illustrate these bounds on analytically solvable examples and also develop a strategy for optimizing minimally dissipative protocols based on optimal transport flow matching, a generative machine learning technique. This latter approach ensures the scalability of both the theoretical and computational framework we put forth. Crucially, we demonstrate that we can compute the terms in our bound numerically using efficient algorithms from the computational optimal transport literature and that the protocols that we learn saturate the bound.

Study of superconductivity of very thin $\mathrm{FeSe}_{1-x}\mathrm{Te}_x$ films investigated by microwave complex conductivity measurements
Gaku Matsumoto, Ryo Ogawa, Koji Higasa, Tomoki Kobayashi, Hiroki Nakagawa, Atsutaka Maeda
arXiv:2402.18082v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Complex conductivity measurements spanning the entire temperature range, including the vicinity of $T_c$, were conducted on systematically varied FeSe$_{1-x}$Te$_x$ ($x$ = 0 - 0.5) very thin films. By applying a novel cavity measurement technique employing microwave electric fields parallel to FeSe$_{1-x}$Te$_x$ films, we observed distinct temperature-dependent alterations in superfluid fraction and quasiparticle scattering rate at the nematic boundary. These changes in the nematic boundary suggests variations in the superconducting gap structure between samples in the nematic and non-nematic phase. Moreover, fluctuation is visible up to 1.2 $T_c$ irrespective of nematic order, consistent with large superconducting fluctuations in iron chalcogenide superconductors reported previously in [H. Takahashi \textit{et al}, Phys. Rev. B 99, 060503(R) (1982)] and [F. Nabeshima \textit{et al}, Phys. Rev. B 97, 024504(R) (1982)].

Quantum transport signature of strain-induced scalar and pseudo-vector potentials in a crenellated hBN-graphene heterostructure
Romaine Kerjouan, Michael Rosticher, Aur\'elie Pierret, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Sukhdeep Dhillon, Robson Ferreira, Daniel Dolfi, Mark Goerbig, Bernard Pla\c{c}ais, Juliette Mangeney
arXiv:2402.18253v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: The sharp Dirac cone of the electronic dispersion confers to graphene a remarkable sensitivity to strain. It is usually encoded in scalar and pseudo-vector potentials, induced by the modification of hopping parameters, which have given rise to new phenomena at the nanoscale such as giant pseudomagnetic fields and valley polarization. Here, we unveil the effect of these potentials on the quantum transport across a succession of strain-induced barriers. We use high-mobility, hBN-encapsulated graphene, transferred over a large (10x10 $\mu$m$^{2}$) crenellated hBN substrate. We show the emergence of a broad resistance ancillary peak at positive energy that arises from Klein tunneling barriers induced by the tensile strain at the trench edges. Our theoretical study, in quantitative agreement with experiment, highlights the balanced contributions of strain-induced scalar and pseudo-vector potentials on ballistic transport. Our results establish crenellated van der Waals heterostructures as a promising platform for strain engineering in view of applications and basic physics.

Second-order temporal coherence of polariton lasers based on an atomically thin crystal in a microcavity
Hangyong Shan, Jens-Christian Drawer, Meng Sun, Carlos Anton-Solanas, Martin Esmann, Kentaro Yumigeta, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Sefaattin Tongay, Sven H\"ofling, Ivan Savenko, Christian Schneider
arXiv:2402.18266v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Bosonic condensation and lasing of exciton-polaritons in microcavities is a fascinating solid-state phenomenon. It provides a versatile platform to study out-of-equilibrium many-body physics and has recently appeared at the forefront of quantum technologies. Here, we study the photon statistics via the second-order temporal correlation function of polariton lasing emerging from an optical microcavity integrated with an atomically thin MoSe2 crystal. Furthermore, we investigate the macroscopic polariton phase transition for varying excitation powers and temperatures. The lower-polariton exhibits photon bunching below the threshold, implying a dominant thermal distribution of the emission, while above the threshold, the second-order correlation transits towards unity, which evidences the formation of a coherent state. Our findings are in agreement with a microscopic numerical model, which explicitly includes scattering with phonons on the quantum level.

Ferroelectrically tunable topological phase transition in In$_2$Se$_3$ thin films
Zhiqiang Tian, Ziming Zhu, Jiang Zeng, Chao-Fei Liu, Yurong Yang, Anlian Pan, Mingxing Chen
arXiv:2402.18274v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Materials with ferroelectrically switchable topological properties are of interest for both fundamental physics and practical applications. Using first-principles calculations, we find that stacking ferroelectric $\alpha$-In$_2$Se$_3$ monolayers into a bilayer leads to polarization-dependent band structures, which yields polarization-dependent topological properties. Specifically, we find that the states with interlayer ferroelectric couplings are quantum spin Hall insulators, while those with antiferroelectric polarizations are normal insulators. We further find that In$_2$Se$_3$ trilayer and quadlayer exhibit nontrivial band topology as long as in the structure the ferroelectric In$_2$Se$_3$ bilayer is antiferroelectrically coupled to In$_2$Se$_3$ monolayers or other ferroelectric In$_2$Se$_3$ bilayer. Otherwise the system is topologically trivial. The reason is that near the Fermi level the band structure of the ferroelectric In$_2$Se$_3$ bilayer has to be maintained for the nontrivial band topology. This feature can be used to design nontrivial band topology for the thicker films by a proper combination of the interlayer polarization couplings. The topological properties can be ferroelectrically tunable using the dipole locking effect. Our study reveals switchable band topology in a family of natural ferroelectrics, which provide a platform for designing new functional devices.

Valley relaxation in a single-electron bilayer graphene quantum dot
Lin Wang, Guido Burkard
arXiv:2402.18328v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: We investigate the valley relaxation due to intervalley coupling in a single-electron bilayer graphene quantum dot. The valley relaxation is assisted by both the emission of acoustic phonons via the deformation potential and bond-length change mechanisms and $1/f$ charge noise. In the perpendicular magnetic-field dependence of the valley relaxation time $T_1$, we predict a monotonic decrease of $T_1$ at higher fields due to electron-phonon coupling, which is in good agreement with recent experiments by Banszerus et al. We find that the dominant valley relaxation channel in the high-field regime is the electron-phonon coupling via the deformation potential. At lower fields, we predict that a peak in $T_1$ can arise from the competition between $1/f$ charge noise and electron-phonon scattering due to bond-length change. We also find that the interlayer hopping $\gamma_3$ opens a valley relaxation channel for electric charge noise for rotationally symmetric quantum dots in bilayer graphene.

Phase diagrams and polarization reversal in nanosized HfxZr1-xO2-y
Eugene A. Eliseev, Yuri O. Zagorodniy, Victor N. Pavlikov, Oksana V. Leshchenko, Hanna V. Shevilakova, M. V. Karpec, N. I. Danilenko, Andrei D. Yaremkevych, Olena M. Fesenko, Sergei V. Kalinin, Anna N. Morozovska
arXiv:2402.18336v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: To describe the polar properties of the nanosized HfxZr1-xO2-y, we evolve the "effective" Landau-Ginzburg-Devonshire (LGD) model based on the parametrization of the Landau expansion coefficients for the polar and antipolar orderings. We have shown that the effective LGD model can predict the influence of screening conditions and size effects on phase diagrams, polarization reversal and structural properties of the nanosized HfxZr1-xO2-y of various shape and sizes. To verify the model, we use available experimental results for HfxZr1-xO2 thin films and oxygen-deficient HfO2-y nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction was used to determine the phase composition of the HfO2-y nanoparticles prepared at different annealing conditions and revealed the formation of the ferroelectric orthorhombic phase. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was used to explore the correlation of lattice dynamics and structural changes appearing in dependence on the oxygen vacancies concentration. Obtained results can be promising for creation of next generation Si-compatible ferroelectric nanomaterials based on HfxZr1-xO2-y.

Topological charge and spin Hall effects due to skyrmions in canted antiferromagnets
A. N. Zarezad, A. Qaiumzadeh, J. Barna\'s, A. Dyrda{\l}
arXiv:2402.18369v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: The topological charge Hall effect (TCHE) and the topological spin Hall effect (TSHE), arising from ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) skyrmions, respectively; can be elucidated through the emergence of spin-dependent Berry gauge fields that affect the adiabatic flow of electrons within the skyrmion texture. TCHE is absent in systems with parity-time (PT) symmetry, such as collinear AFM systems. In this study, we theoretically study TCHE and TSHE in a canted antiferromagnet within the diffusive regime. Spin canting or weak ferromagnetism in canted AFMs that breaks the PT symmetry may arise from strong homogeneous Dzyaloshinskii-Morya interactions. Using a semiclassical Boltzmann approach, we obtain diffusion equations for the spin and charge accumulations in the presence of finite spin-flip and spin-dependent momentum relaxation times. We show that the finite net magnetization, stemming from spin canting and the subsequent breaking of parity-time symmetry, results in the emergence of both finite TCHE and TSHE in AFM systems.

Embracing Disorder in Quantum Materials Design
A. R. Mazza, J. Yan, S. Middey, J. S. Gardner, A. -H. Chen, M. Brahlek, T. Z. Ward
arXiv:2402.18379v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Many of the most exciting materials discoveries in fundamental condensed matter physics are made in systems hosting some degree of intrinsic disorder. While disorder has historically been regarded as something to be avoided in materials design, it is often of central importance to correlated and quantum materials. This is largely driven by the conceptual and theoretical ease to handle, predict, and understand highly uniform systems that exhibit complex interactions, symmetries and band structures. In this perspective, we highlight how flipping this paradigm has enabled exciting possibilities in the emerging field of high entropy oxide (HEO) quantum materials. These materials host high levels of cation or anion compositional disorder while maintaining unexpectedly uniform single crystal lattices. The diversity of atomic scale interactions of spin, charge, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom are found to emerge into coherent properties on much larger length scales. Thus, altering the variance and magnitudes of the atomic scale properties through elemental selection can open new routes to tune global correlated phases such as magnetism, metal-insulator transitions, ferroelectricity, and even emergent topological responses. The strategy of embracing disorder in this way provides a much broader pallet from which functional states can be designed for next-generation microelectronic and quantum information systems.

Effect of a perpendicular magnetic field on bilayer graphene under dual gating
Mouhamadou Hassane Saley, Abderrahim El Mouhafid, Ahmed Jellal
arXiv:2402.18399v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: By studying the impact of a perpendicular magnetic field $B$ on AB-bilayer graphene (AB-BLG) under dual gating, we yield several key findings for the ballistic transport of gate $U_\infty$. Firstly, we discover that the presence of $B$ leads to a decrease in transmission. At a high value of $B$, we notice the occurrence of anti-Klein tunneling over a significant area. Secondly, in contrast to the results reported in the literature, where high peaks were found with an increasing in-plane pseudomagnetic field applied to AB-BLG, we find a decrease in conductivity as $B$ increases. However, it is worth noting that in both cases, the number of oscillations decreases compared to the result in the study where no magnetic field was present $(B = 0)$. Thirdly, at the neutrality point, we demonstrate that the conductivity decreases and eventually reaches zero for a high value of $B$, which contrasts with the result that the conductivity remains unchanged regardless of the value taken by the in-plane field. Finally, we consider the diffusive transport with gate $U_\infty = 0.2 \gamma_1$ and observe two scenarios. The amplitude of conductivity oscillations increases with $B$ for energy $E$ less than $U_\infty$ but decreases in the opposite case $E>U_\infty$.

Predicting Phase Transitions in PbTiO$_3$ using Zentropy
Nigel Lee En Hew, Shun-Li Shang, Zi-Kui Liu
arXiv:2402.18425v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: According to conventional X-ray measurements, PbTiO$_3$ undergoes a phase transition from a tetragonal ferroelectric phase to a cubic paraelectric phase at 763 K. However, x-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) measurements indicate that PbTiO$_3$ is tetragonal even after the phase transition has occurred. The difference in these results concerns the length scales accessible to each measurement technique: millimeters for X-ray and Angstroms for XAFS. For both of these measurements to be consistent, PbTiO$_3$ is macroscopically cubic but still locally tetragonal above the phase transition temperature. Despite this, most models, such as the Laundau-Ginsburg-Devonshire theory, are still unable to explain this phenomenon. Moreover, these methods involve model parameters fitted to experimental or theoretical data and do not consider other tetragonal configurations, such as domain walls, to predict the phase transition. In this study, we use our novel zentropy approach to predict the phase transition, which allows us to calculate the total entropy of a system without fitted parameters, taking only inputs from density functional theory calculations through energy-volume curves and phonon calculations. Our approach also considers the tetragonal 90{\deg} and 180{\deg} domain walls and the ferroelectric ground state in predicting the phase transition. The predicted phase transition using the metaGGA $r^2\text{SCAN}$ occurs at 830 K, showing good agreement with the experimental value of 763 K. It is the subject of future work to show that the statistical average of these tetragonal configurations at the phase transition will result in the cubic phase.

Phase transitions beyond criticality: extending Ising universal scaling functions to describe entire phases
David Hathcock, James P. Sethna
arXiv:2402.18531v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Universal scaling laws only apply asymptotically near critical phase transitions. We propose a general scheme, based on normal form theory of renormalization group flows, for incorporating corrections to scaling that quantitatively describe the entire neighboring phases. Expanding Onsager's exact solution of the 2D Ising model about the critical point, we identify a special coordinate with radius of convergence covering the entire physical temperature range, $0<\infty$. Without an exact solution, we demonstrate that using solely the critical singularity with low- and high-temperature expansions leads to exponentially converging approximations across all temperatures for both the 2D and 3D Ising free energies and the 3D magnetization. We discuss challenges and opportunities for future work.

Stabilizing topological superconductivity in disordered spin-orbit coupled semiconductor-superconductor heterostructures
Binayyak B. Roy, Rimika Jaiswal, Tudor D. Stanescu, Sumanta Tewari
arXiv:2402.18549v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: We investigate theoretically a one-dimensional semiconductor-superconductor (SM-SC) heterostructure with Rashba spin-orbit coupling and parallel Zeeman field in the presence of disorder generated by random charged impurities and identify the optimal regimes for realizing topological superconductivity and Majorana zero modes. Using a Green's function approach, we show that upon increasing the disorder strength the stable topological superconducting phase characterized by robust end-to-end Majorana correlations ``migrates'' toward larger values of the Zeeman field and can be stabilized by increasing the effective SM-SC coupling. Based on these findings, we propose a strategy for accessing a regime characterized by well-separated Majorana zero modes that is based on (a) enhancing the strength of the effective SM-SC coupling (e.g., through interface engineering) and (b) expanding the range of accessible Zeeman fields (e.g., by enhancing the gyromagnetic ratio or optimizing the parent superconductor, to enable the application of larger magnetic fields). While this strategy may still require some reduction of the disorder strength, this requirement is significantly less strict than the corresponding requirement in a strategy that focuses exclusively on disorder reduction.

Amplified entanglement witnessed in a quantum critical metal
Yuan Fang, Mounica Mahankali, Yiming Wang, Lei Chen, Haoyu Hu, Silke Paschen, Qimiao Si
arXiv:2402.18552v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Strong correlations in matter promote a landscape of ground states and the associated quantum critical points. For metallic systems, there is increasing recognition that the quantum criticality goes beyond the standard Landau framework and, thus, novel means are needed to characterize the quantum critical fluid. Here we do so by studying the entanglement properties near a quantum critical point of a strongly correlated metal. We calculate the mutual information and quantum Fisher information of an Anderson/Kondo lattice model across its Kondo destruction quantum critical point, with the former measuring the bipartite entanglement between two subsystems and the latter serving as witness for multipartite entanglement in the entire system. The mutual information between the conduction electrons and local moments reveals a dynamical effect of Kondo correlations across the quantum critical point. Moreover, the quantum Fisher information of the spin degree of freedom peaks at the quantum critical point and indicates a strongly entangled ground state. Our work opens a new avenue to advance the understanding of metallic quantum criticality by entanglement means in a broad range of strongly correlated systems, and reveals a new regime of quantum matter to witness amplified entanglement.

High-Field Superconducting Halo in UTe$_2$
Sylvia K. Lewin, Peter Czajka, Corey E. Frank, Gicela Saucedo Salas, Hyeok Yoon, Yun Suk Eo, Johnpierre Paglione, Andriy H. Nevidomskyy, John Singleton, Nicholas P. Butch
arXiv:2402.18564v1 Announce Type: new Abstract: Heavy fermion UTe$_2$ is a promising candidate for topological superconductivity that also exhibits multiple high-field superconducting phases. The SC$_{\rm{FP}}$ phase has only been observed in off-axis magnetic fields in the $bc$ plane at fields greater than 40 teslas, a striking scale given its critical temperature of only 2 kelvins. Here, we extend measurements of this unique superconducting state outside of the $bc$ plane and reveal its core structure. The SC$_{\rm{FP}}$ phase is not confined to fields in the $bc$ plane and in fact wraps around the $b$ axis in a halo-like fashion. In other words, this superconducting state, which exists in fields above 73 teslas, is stabilized by a field component perpendicular to the magnetic easy axis. These remarkable field scales further underscore UTe$_2$'s unique magnetophilic superconducting tendencies and suggest an underlying pairing mechanism that is qualitatively distinct from known theories for field-enhanced superconductivity. Phenomenological modeling points to a two-component, non-unitary spin triplet order parameter with finite orbital momentum of the Cooper pairs as a natural explanation for the field-angle dependence of the upper critical field of the SC$_{\rm{FP}}$ phase.

Efficient simulations of Hartree--Fock equations by an accelerated gradient descent method
Y. Ohno, A. Del Maestro, T. I. Lakoba
arXiv:2402.17843v1 Announce Type: cross Abstract: We develop convergence acceleration procedures that enable a gradient descent-type iteration method to efficiently simulate Hartree--Fock equations for atoms interacting both with each other and with an external potential. Our development focuses on three aspects: (i) optimization of a parameter in the preconditioning operator; (ii) adoption of a technique that eliminates the slowest-decaying mode to the case of many equations (describing many atoms); and (iii) a novel extension of the above technique that allows one to eliminate multiple modes simultaneously. We illustrate performance of the numerical method for the 2D model of the first layer of helium atoms above a graphene sheet. We demonstrate that incorporation of aspects (i) and (ii) above into the ``plain" gradient descent method accelerates it by at least two orders of magnitude, and often by much more. Aspect (iii) -- a multiple-mode elimination -- may bring further improvement to the convergence rate compared to aspect (ii), the single-mode elimination. Both single- and multiple-mode elimination techniques are shown to significantly outperform the well-known Anderson Acceleration. We believe that our acceleration techniques can also be gainfully employed by other numerical methods, especially those handling hard-core-type interaction potentials.

Generalised Hydrodynamics description of the Page curve-like dynamics of a freely expanding fermionic gas
Madhumita Saha, Manas Kulkarni, Abhishek Dhar
arXiv:2402.18422v1 Announce Type: cross Abstract: We consider an analytically tractable model that exhibits the main features of the Page curve characterizing the evolution of entanglement entropy during evaporation of a black hole. Our model is a gas of non-interacting fermions on a lattice that is released from a box into the vacuum. More precisely, our Hamiltonian is a tight-binding model with a defect at the junction between the filled box and the vacuum. In addition to the entanglement entropy we consider several other observables, such as the spatial density profile and current, and show that the semiclassical approach of generalized hydrodynamics provides a remarkably accurate description of the quantum dynamics including that of the entanglement entropy at all times. Our hydrodynamic results agree closely with those obtained via exact microscopic numerics. We find that the growth of entanglement is linear and universal, i.e, independent of the details of the defect. The decay shows $1/t$ scaling for conformal defect while for non-conformal defects, it is slower. Our study shows the power of the semiclassical approach and could be relevant for discussions on the resolution of the black hole information paradox.

Spin-Reorientation-Driven Linear Magnetoelectric Effect in Topological Antiferromagnet Cu$_3$TeO$_6$
Virna Kisi\v{c}ek, Damir Dominko, Matija \v{C}ulo, \v{Z}eljko Rapljenovi\'c, Marko Kuve\v{z}di\'c, Martina Dragi\v{c}evi\'c, Helmuth Berger, Xavier Rocquefelte, Mirta Herak, Tomislav Ivek
arXiv:2211.08902v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The search for new materials for energy-efficient electronic devices has gained unprecedented importance. Among the various classes of magnetic materials driving this search are antiferromagnets, magnetoelectrics, and systems with topological spin excitations. Cu$_3$TeO$_6$ is a material that belongs to all three of these classes. Combining static electric polarization and magnetic torque measurements with phenomenological simulations we demonstrate that magnetic-field-induced spin reorientation needs to be taken into account to understand the linear magnetoelectric (ME) effect in Cu$_3$TeO$_6$. Our calculations reveal that the magnetic field pushes the system from the nonpolar ground state to the polar magnetic structures. However, nonpolar structures only weakly differing from the obtained polar ones exist due to the weak effect that the field-induced breaking of some symmetries has on the calculated structures. Among those symmetries is the $PT$ ($\overline{1}'$) symmetry, preserved for Dirac points found in Cu$_3$TeO$_6$. Our findings establish Cu$_3$TeO$_6$ as a promising playground to study the interplay of spintronics-related phenomena.

Frank-Read Mechanism in Nematic Liquid Crystals
Cheng Long, Matthew J. Deutsch, Joseph Angelo, Christopher Culbreath, Hiroshi Yokoyama, Jonathan V. Selinger, Robin L. B. Selinger
arXiv:2212.01316v3 Announce Type: replace Abstract: In a crystalline solid under mechanical stress, a Frank-Read source is a pinned dislocation segment that repeatedly bows and detaches, generating concentric dislocation loops. We demonstrate that in nematic liquid crystals, an analogous Frank-Read mechanism can generate concentric disclination loops. Using experiment, simulation, and theory, we study a disclination segment pinned between surface defects on one substrate in a nematic cell. Under applied twist of the nematic director, the pinned segment bows and emits a new disclination loop which expands, leaving the original segment intact; loop emission repeats for each additional 180$^\circ$ of applied twist. We present experimental micrographs showing loop expansion and snap-off, numerical simulations of loop emission under both quasistatic and dynamic loading, and theoretical analysis considering both free energy minimization and the balance of competing forces. We find that the critical stress for disclination loop emission scales as the inverse of segment length, and changes as a function of strain rate and temperature, in close analogy to the Frank-Read source mechanism in crystals. Lastly, we discuss how Frank-Read sources could be used to modify microstructural evolution in both passive and active nematics.

Performance Analysis of Superconductor-constriction-Superconductor Transmon Qubits
Mingzhao Liu, Charles T. Black
arXiv:2301.04276v3 Announce Type: replace Abstract: This work presents a computational analysis of a superconducting transmon qubit design, in which the superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junction is replaced by a co-planar, superconductor-constriction-superconductor (ScS) nanobridge junction. Within the scope of Ginzburg-Landau theory, we find that the nanobridge ScS transmon has an improved charge dispersion compared to the SIS transmon, with a tradeoff of smaller anharmonicity. These calculations provide a framework for estimating the superconductor material properties and junction dimensions compatible with gigahertz frequency ScS transmon operation.

Light-induced Nonlinear Spin Hall Current in Single-layer WTe$_2$
Pankaj Bhalla, Habib Rostami
arXiv:2303.06238v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: In this theoretical investigation, we analyze light-induced nonlinear spin Hall currents in a gated single-layer 1T$'$-WTe$_2$, flowing transversely to the incident laser polarization direction. Our study encompasses the exploration of the second and third-order rectified spin Hall currents using an effective low-energy Hamiltonian and employing Kubo's formalism. We extend our analysis to a wide frequency range spanning both transparent and absorbing regimes, investigating the influence of light frequency below and above the optical band gap. Additionally, we investigate the influence of an out-of-plane gate potential on the system, disrupting inversion symmetry and effectively manipulating both the strength and sign of nonlinear spin Hall responses. We predict a pronounced third-order spin Hall current relative to its second-order counterpart. The predicted nonlinear spin currents show strong anisotropic dependence on the laser polarization angle. The outcomes of our study contribute to a generalized framework for nonlinear response theory within the spin channel will impact the development of the emerging field of opto-spintronic.

Band-center metal-insulator transition in bond-disordered graphene
Naba P. Nayak, Surajit Sarkar, Kedar Damle, Soumya Bera
arXiv:2304.09674v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We study the transport properties of a tight-binding model of non-interacting fermions with random hopping on the honeycomb lattice. At the particle-hole symmetric chemical potential, the absence of diagonal disorder (random onsite potentials) places the system in the well-studied chiral orthogonal universality class of disordered fermion problems, which are known to exhibit both a critical metallic phase and a dimerization-induced localized phase. Here, our focus is the behavior of the two-terminal conductance and the Lyapunov spectrum in quasi-1D geometry near the dimerization-driven transition from the metallic to the localized phase. For a staggered dimerization pattern on the square and honeycomb lattices, we find that the renormalized localization length $\xi/M$ ($M$ denotes the width of the sample) and the typical conductance display scaling behavior controlled by a crossover length-scale that diverges with exponent $\nu \approx 1.05(5)$ as the critical point is approached. However, for the plaquette dimerization pattern, we observe a relatively large exponent $\nu \approx 1.55(5)$ revealing an apparent non-universality of the delocalization-localization transition in the BDI symmetry class.

Nodal semimetals in $d\geq3$ to sharp pseudo-Landau levels by dimensional reduction
Fabian K\"ohler, Matthias Vojta
arXiv:2305.07051v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Non-uniform strain applied to graphene's honeycomb lattice can induce pseudo-Landau levels in the single-particle spectrum. Various generalizations have been put forward, including a particular family of hopping models in $d$ space dimensions. Here we show that the key ingredient for sharp pseudo-Landau levels in higher dimensions is dimensional reduction. We consider particles moving on a $d$-dimensional hyper-diamond lattice which displays a semimetallic bandstructure, with a $(d-2)$-dimensional nodal manifold. By applying a suitable strain pattern, the single-particle spectrum evolves into a sequence of relativistic Landau levels. We develop and solve the corresponding field theory: Each nodal point effectively generates a Landau-level problem which is strictly two-dimensional to leading order in the applied strain. While the effective pseudo-vector potential varies across the nodal manifold, the Landau-level spacing does not. Our theory paves the way to strain engineering of single-particle states via dimensional reduction and beyond global minimal coupling.

Phases and Exotic Phase Transitions of a Two-Dimensional Su-Schrieffer-Heeger Model
Anika G\"otz, Martin Hohenadler, Fakher F. Assaad
arXiv:2307.07613v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We study a Su-Schrieffer-Heeger electron-phonon model on a square lattice by means of auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo simulations. The addition of a symmetry-allowed interaction permits analytical integration over the phonons at the expense of discrete Hubbard-Stratonovich fields with imaginary-time correlations. Using single-spin-flip updates, we investigate the phase diagram at the O(4)-symmetric point as a function of hopping $t$ and phonon frequency $\omega_0$. For $t=0$, where electron hopping is boson-assisted, the model maps onto an unconstrained $\mathbb{Z}_2$ gauge theory. A key quantity is the emergent effective flux per plaquette, which equals $\pi$ in the assisted-hopping regime and vanishes for large $t$. Phases in the former regime can be understood in terms of instabilities of emergent Dirac fermions. Our results support a direct and continuous transition between a $(\pi,0)$ valence bond solid (VBS) and an antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase with increasing $\omega_0$. For large $t$ and small $\omega_0$, we find finite-temperature signatures of a previously reported $(\pi,\pi)$ VBS ground state related to a nesting instability. With increasing $\omega_0$, AFM order again emerges.

Ultra-Fast All-Electrical Universal Nano-Qubits
David T. S. Perkins, Aires Ferreira
arXiv:2307.09890v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We propose how to create, control, and read-out real-space localized spin qubits in proximitized finite graphene nanoribbon (GNR) systems using purely electrical methods. Our proposed nano-qubits are formed of in-gap singlet-triplet states that emerge through the interplay of Coulomb and relativistic spin-dependent interactions in GNRs placed on a magnetic substrate. Application of an electric field perpendicular to the GNR heterostructure leads to a sudden change in the proximity couplings, i.e. a quantum quench, which enables us to deterministically rotate the nano-qubit to any arbitrary point on the Bloch sphere. We predict these spin qubits to undergo Rabi oscillations with optimal visibility and frequencies in excess of 10 GHz. Our findings open up a new avenue for the realization of graphene-based quantum computing with ultra-fast all-electrical methods.

Spectroscopy and topological properties of a Haldane light system
Julian Legendre, Karyn Le Hur
arXiv:2307.14960v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We introduce a local spectroscopic method in real space to probe the topological properties of a circuit quantum electrodynamics (cQED) array generalizing previous approaches from one to two dimensions in the plane. As an application, we develop the theory of microwave light propagating in the local probe capacitively coupled to the cQED array associated to a bosonic Haldane model. Interestingly, we show that the measured reflection coefficient, resolved in frequency through the resonance, reveals the geometrical properties of the model and the topological phase transition. We discuss the role of physical parameters such as the lifetime of the light modes and stability towards local disorder related to further realizations.

Resonant multiple-phonon absorption causes efficient anti-Stokes photoluminescence in CsPbBr$_3$ nanocrystals
Zhuoming Zhang, Sushrut Ghonge, Yang Ding, Shubin Zhang, Mona Berciu, Richard D. Schaller, Boldizs\'ar Jank\'o, Masaru Kuno
arXiv:2308.04363v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Lead-halide perovskite nanocrystals such as CsPbBr$_3$, exhibit efficient photoluminescence (PL) up-conversion, also referred to as anti-Stokes photoluminescence (ASPL). This is a phenomenon where irradiating nanocrystals up to 100 meV below gap results in higher energy band edge emission. Most surprising is that ASPL efficiencies approach unity and involve single photon interactions with multiple phonons. This is unexpected given the statistically disfavored nature of multiple-phonon absorption. Here, we report and rationalize near-unity anti-Stokes photoluminescence efficiencies in CsPbBr$_3$ nanocrystals and attribute it to resonant multiple-phonon absorption by polarons. The theory explains paradoxically large efficiencies for intrinsically disfavored, multiple-phonon-assisted ASPL in nanocrystals. Moreover, the developed microscopic mechanism has immediate and important implications for applications of ASPL towards condensed phase optical refrigeration.

Absence of Floating Phase in Superconductors with Time-reversal Symmetry Breaking on any Lattice
Andrew C. Yuan
arXiv:2308.06988v3 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Due to the interplay of multi-component order parameters (e.g., a twisted bilayer superconductor with inter-layer Josephson coupling or a frustrated ($n\ge 3$)-band superconductor), a superconductor can possess a $U(1)\times \mathbb{Z}_2$ symmetry, corresponding to the superconducting $T_c$ and time-reversal symmetry breaking transition $T_\text{TRSB}$, respectively. It was then conjectured that in this class of Hamiltonians, there exists a vast parameter regime $\mathcal{O}$ such that the system exhibits vestigial TRSB, i.e., $T_\text{TRSB} > T_c$, while at the boundary $\partial \mathcal{O}$, the system possesses a single phase transition $T_\text{TRSB}=T_c$. In this paper, we provide evidence towards this conjecture by mathematically eliminating the possibility of a floating phase, i.e., $T_\text{TRSB} < T_c$, for the strong coupling regime. More specifically, we prove that the correlation functions of $U(1)$ spins are bounded above by that of $\mathbb{Z}_2$ spins for all temperatures and lattice structures (e.g., $\mathbb{Z}^d$ for all $d$). In particular, this guarantees the existence of high-$T_c$ TRSB (and consequently topological) superconductivity in a large class of Hamiltonians. Note that the same property can also be proven for a certain parameter regime ($\Delta \ge 4/5$) of the generalized XY model on any lattice structure, despite belonging to an entirely distinct class of $U(1)\times \mathbb{Z}_2$ Hamiltonians.

Adsorption and Vibrational Spectroscopy of CO on the Surface of MgO from Periodic Local Coupled-Cluster Theory
Hong-Zhou Ye, Timothy C. Berkelbach
arXiv:2309.14651v3 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The adsorption of CO on the surface of MgO has long been a model problem in surface chemistry. Here, we report periodic Gaussian-based calculations for this problem using second-order perturbation theory (MP2) and coupled-cluster theory with single and double excitations (CCSD) and perturbative triple excitations [CCSD(T)], with the latter two performed using a recently developed extension of the local natural orbital approximation to problems with periodic boundary conditions. The low cost of periodic local correlation calculations allows us to calculate the full CCSD(T) binding curve of CO approaching the surface of MgO (and thus the adsorption energy) and the two-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) as a function of the distance from the surface and the CO stretching coordinate. From the PES, we obtain the fundamental vibrational frequency of CO on MgO, whose shift from the gas phase value is a common experimental probe of surface adsorption. We find that CCSD(T) correctly predicts a positive frequency shift upon adsorption of $+14.7~\textrm{cm}^{-1}$, in excellent agreement with the experimental shift of $+14.3~\textrm{cm}^{-1}$. We use our CCSD(T) results to assess the accuracy of MP2, CCSD, and several density functional theory (DFT) approximations, including exchange correlation functionals and dispersion corrections. We find that MP2 and CCSD yield reasonable binding energies and frequency shifts, whereas many DFT calculations overestimate the magnitude of the adsorption energy by $5$ -- $15$~kJ/mol and predict a negative frequency shift of about $-20~\textrm{cm}^{-1}$, which we attribute to self-interaction-induced delocalization errors that are mildly ameliorated with hybrid functionals. Our findings highlight the accuracy and computational efficiency of the periodic local correlation for the simulation of surface chemistry with accurate wavefunction methods.

Dynamic fluctuations of current and mass in nonequilibrium mass transport processes
Animesh Hazra, Anirban Mukherjee, Punyabrata Pradhan
arXiv:2309.14705v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We study steady-state dynamic fluctuations of current and mass, as well as the corresponding power spectra, in conserved-mass transport processes on a ring of $L$ sites; these processes violate detailed balance, have nontrivial spatial structures, and their steady states are not described by the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution. We exactly calculate, for all times $T$, the fluctuations $\langle \mathcal{Q}_i^2(T) \rangle$ and $\langle \mathcal{Q}_{sub}^2(l, T) \rangle$ of the cumulative currents upto time $T$ across $i$th bond and across a subsystem of size $l$ (summed over bonds in the subsystem), respectively; we also calculate the (two-point) dynamic correlation function for subsystem mass. In particular, we show that, for large $L \gg 1$, the bond-current fluctuation grows linearly for $T \sim {\cal O}(1)$, subdiffusively for $T \ll L^2$ and then again linearly for $T \gg L^2$. The scaled subsystem current fluctuation $\lim_{l \rightarrow \infty, T \rightarrow \infty} \langle \mathcal{Q}^2_{sub}(l, T) \rangle/2lT$ converges to the density-dependent particle mobility $\chi$ when the large subsystem size limit is taken first, followed by the large time limit. Remarkably, the scaled current fluctuation $D \langle \mathcal{Q}_i^2(T)\rangle/2 \chi L \equiv {\cal W}(y)$ as a function of scaled time $y=DT/L^2$ is expressed in terms of a universal scaling function ${\cal W}(y)$, where $D$ is the bulk-diffusion coefficient. Similarly, the power spectra for current and mass time series are characterized by the respective universal scaling functions, which are calculated exactly. We provide a microscopic derivation of equilibrium-like Green-Kubo and Einstein relations, that connect the steady-state current fluctuations to the response to an external force and to mass fluctuation, respectively.

Fractal Subsystem Symmetries, 't Hooft Anomalies, and UV/IR Mixing
Heitor Casasola, Guilherme Delfino, Pedro R. S. Gomes, Paula F. Bienzobaz
arXiv:2310.12894v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: In this work, we study unconventional anisotropic topologically ordered phases in $3d$ that manifest type-II fractonic physics along submanifolds. While they behave as usual topological order along a preferred spatial direction, their physics along perpendicular planes is dictated by the presence of fractal subsystem symmetries, completely restricting the mobility of anyonic excitations and their bound states. We consider an explicit lattice model realization of such phases and proceed to study their properties under periodic boundary conditions and, later, in the presence of boundaries. We find that for specific lattice sizes, the system possesses line and fractal membrane symmetries that are mutually anomalous, resulting in a nontrivially gapped ground state space. This amounts to the spontaneous breaking of the fractal symmetries, implying a subextensive ground state degeneracy. For the remaining system sizes the fractal symmetries are explicitly broken by the periodic boundary conditions, which is intrinsically related to the uniqueness of the ground state. Despite that, the system is still topologically ordered since locally created quasiparticles have nontrivial mutual statistics and, in the presence of boundaries, it still presents anomalous edge modes. The intricate symmetry interplay dictated by the lattice size is a wild manifestation of ultraviolet/infrared (UV/IR) mixing.

Kondo effect and its destruction in hetero-bilayer transition metal dichalcogenides
Fang Xie, Lei Chen, Qimiao Si
arXiv:2310.20676v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Moir\'e structures, along with line-graph-based $d$-electron systems, represent a setting to realize flat bands. One form of the associated strong correlation physics is the Kondo effect. Here, we address the recently observed Kondo-driven heavy fermion state and its destruction in AB-stacked hetero-bilayer transition metal dichalcogenides, which can be controlled by the gate voltages. By studying an effective interacting Hamiltonian using the slave spin approach, we obtained a phase diagram with the total filling factor and the displacement field strength as the tunable parameters. In an extended range of the tunable displacement field, our numerical results show that the relative filling of the $d$ orbital, which is associated with the highest moir\'e band from the $\rm MoTe_2$ layer, is enforced to be $\nu_d \approx 1$ by the interaction. This agrees with the experimental observation. We also argue that the observed high coherence temperature scale could be explained by the non-negligible bandwidth of the $d$ orbital. Our results set the stage to address the amplified quantum fluctuations that the Kondo effect may produce in these structures and new regimes that the systems open up for Kondo-destruction quantum criticality.

From chiral spin liquids to skyrmion fluids and crystals, and their interplay with itinerant electrons
F. A. G\'omez Albarrac\'in, H. D. Rosales, Masafumi Udagawa, P. Pujol, Ludovic D. C. Jaubert
arXiv:2311.08468v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The physics of skyrmions, and in particular the issue of how to isolate and manipulate them individually, is a subject of major importance nowadays in the community of magnetism. In this article we present an in-depth extension of a study on this issue that was recently proposed by some of the authors [H. D. Rosales, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{130}, 106703 (2023)]. More precisely, we analyse the competition between skyrmions and a chiral spin liquid in a model on the kagome lattice. We first present an analytical overview of the low-energy states using the Luttinger-Tisza approximation. We then study the effect of thermal fluctuations thanks to large-scale Monte-Carlo simulations, and explore the entire parameter space with a magnetic field $B$, in-plane $D^{xy}$ and out-of-plane $D^z$ Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. While skyrmions and the chiral spin liquid live in different regions of the parameter space, we show how to bring them together, stabilizing a skyrmion fluid in between; a region where the density of well-defined skyrmions can be tuned before obtaining an ordered phase. We investigate in particular the melting of the skyrmion solid. Our analysis also brings to light a long-range ordered phase with Z$_3$ symmetry. At last, we initiate the study of this rich magnetic background on conduction electrons that are coupled to the local spins. We study how the different chiral magnetic textures stabilized in this model (skyrmion solid, liquid and gas and chiral spin liquid) induce a topological Quantum Hall effect. We observe in the ordered skyrmion phase the appearance of Landau levels which persist even in the skyrmion-liquid regime and gradually disappear as the skyrmion density decreases to form a gas.

Proximity-enabled control of spin-orbit coupling in phosphorene symmetrically and asymmetrically encapsulated by WSe$_2$ monolayers
Marko Milivojevi\'c, Martin Gmitra, Marcin Kurpas, Ivan \v{S}tich, Jaroslav Fabian
arXiv:2311.12463v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: We analyze, using first-principles calculations and the method of invariants, the spin-orbit proximity effects in trilayer heterostructures comprising phosphorene and encapsulating WSe$_2$ monolayers. We focus on four different configurations, in which the top/bottom WSe$_2$ monolayer is twisted by 0 or 60 degrees with respect to phosphorene, and analyze the spin splitting of phosphorene hole bands around the $\Gamma$ point. Our results show that the spin texture of phosphorene hole bands can be dramatically modified by different encapsulations of phosphorene monolayer. For a symmetrically encapsulated phosphorene, the momentum-dependent spin-orbit field has the out-of-plane component only, simulating the spin texture of phosphorene-like group-IV monochalcogenide ferroelectrics. Furthermore, we reveal that the direction of the out-of-plane spin-orbit field can be controlled by switching the twist angle from 0 to 60 degrees. Finally, we show that the spin texture in asymmetrically encapsulated phosphorene has the dominant in-plane component of the spin-orbit field, comparable to the Rashba effect in phosphorene with an applied sizable external electric field. Our results confirm that the significant modification and control of the spin texture is possible in low common-symmetry heterostructures, paving the way for using different substrates to modify spin properties in materials important for spintronics.

Driven-Dissipative Bose-Einstein Condensation and the Upper Critical Dimension
Yikang Zhang, Thomas Barthel
arXiv:2311.13561v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Driving and dissipation can stabilize Bose-Einstein condensates. Using Keldysh field theory, we analyze this phenomenon for Markovian systems that can comprise on-site two-particle driving, on-site single-particle and two-particle loss, as well as edge-correlated pumping. Above the upper critical dimension, mean-field theory shows that pumping and two-particle driving induce condensation right at the boundary between the stable and unstable regions of the non-interacting theory. With nonzero two-particle driving, the condensate is gapped. This picture is consistent with the recent observation that, without symmetry constraints beyond invariance under single-particle basis transformations, all gapped quadratic bosonic Liouvillians belong to the same phase. For systems below the upper critical dimension, the edge-correlated pumping penalizes high-momentum fluctuations, rendering the theory renormalizable. We perform the one-loop renormalization group analysis, finding a condensation transition inside the unstable region of the non-interacting theory. Interestingly, its critical behavior is determined by a Wilson-Fisher-like fixed point with universal correlation-length exponent $\nu=0.6$ in three dimensions.

Nonlinear magnetotransport in MoTe${}_2$
Anna C. Marx, Homayoun Jafari, Eelco Tekelenburg, Maria A. Loi, Jagoda Slawinska, Marcos H. D. Guimaraes
arXiv:2312.03405v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The shape of the Fermi surface influences many physical phenomena in materials and a growing interest in how the spin-dependent properties are related to the fermiology of crystals has surged. Recently, a novel current-dependent nonlinear magnetoresistance effect, known as bilinear magnetoelectric resistance (BMR), has been shown to be not only sensitive to the spin-texture in spin-polarized non-magnetic materials, but also dependent on the convexity of the Fermi surface in topological semimetals. In this paper, we show that the temperature dependence of the BMR signal strongly depends on the crystal axis of the semimetallic MoTe${}_2$. For the a-axis, the amplitude of the signal remains fairly constant, while for the b-axis it reverses sign at about 100 K. We calculate the BMR efficiencies at 10 K to be $\chi^{J}_{A} = (100\pm3)$ nm${}^2$T${}^{-1}$A${}^{-1}$ and $\chi^{J}_{B} = (-364\pm13)$ nm${}^2$T${}^{-1}$A${}^{-1}$ for the a- and b-axis, respectively, and we find that they are comparable to the efficiencies measured for WTe${}_2$. We use density functional theory calculations to compute the Fermi surfaces of both phases at different energy levels and we observe a change in convexity of the outer-most electron pocket as a function of the Fermi energy. Our results suggest that the BMR signal is mostly dominated by the change in the Fermi surface convexity.

SymTFT out of equilibrium: from time crystals to braided drives and Floquet codes
Vedant Motamarri, Campbell McLauchlan, Benjamin B\'eri
arXiv:2312.17176v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Symmetry Topological Field Theory (SymTFT) is a framework to capture universal features of quantum many-body systems by viewing them as a boundary of topological order in one higher dimension. This has yielded numerous insights in static low-energy settings. Here we study what SymTFT can reveal about nonequilibrium, focusing on one-dimensional (1D) periodically driven systems and their 2D SymTFTs. In driven settings, boundary conditions (BCs) can be dynamical and can apply both spatially and temporally. We show how this enters SymTFT via topological operators, which we then use to uncover several new results. These include revealing time crystals (TCs) as systems with symmetry-twisted temporal BCs, robust bulk ``dual TCs" in phases thought to be only boundary TCs, generating drive dualities, or identifying 2D Floquet codes as space-time duals to 1D systems with duality-twisted spatial BCs. We also show how, by making duality-twisted BCs dynamical, non-Abelian braiding of duality defects can enter SymTFT, leading to effects such as the exact pumping of symmetry charges between a system and its BCs. We illustrate our ideas for $\mathbb{Z}_2$-symmetric 1D systems, but our construction applies for any finite Abelian symmetry.

Absence of Weyl nodes in EuCd$_2$As$_2$ revealed by the carrier density dependence of the anomalous Hall effect
Yue Shi, Zhaoyu Liu, Logan A. Burnett, Seokhyeong Lee, Chaowei Hu, Qianni Jiang, Jiaqi Cai, Xiaodong Xu, Mo Li, Cheng-Chien Chen, Jiun-Haw Chu
arXiv:2401.00138v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The antiferromagnetic layered compound EuCd$_2$As$_2$ is widely considered as a leading candidate of ideal Weyl semimetal, featuring a single pair of Weyl nodes in its field-induced ferromagnetic (FM) state. Nevertheless, this view has recently been challenged by an optical spectroscopy study, which suggests that it is a magnetic semiconductor. In this study, we have successfully synthesized highly insulating EuCd$_2$As$_2$ crystals with carrier density reaching as low as $2\times 10^{15}$ $\text{cm}^{-3}$. The magneto-transport measurements revealed a progressive decrease of the anomalous Hall conductivity (AHC) by several orders of magnitude as the carrier density decreases. This behavior contradicts with what is expected from the intrinsic AHC generated by the Weyl points, which is independent of carrier density as the Fermi level approaches the charge neutrality point. In contrast, the scaling relationship between AHC and longitudinal conductivity aligns with the characteristics of variable range hopping insulators. Our results suggest that EuCd$_2$As$_2$ is a magnetic semiconductor rather than a topological Weyl semimetal.

Nuclear spin relaxation mediated by donor-bound and free electrons in wide CdTe quantum wells
Boris F. Gribakin, Valentina M. Litvyak, Mladen Kotur, Regis Andr\'e, Maria Vladimirova, Dmitri R. Yakovlev, Kirill V. Kavokin
arXiv:2402.17435v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: The nuclear spin systems in CdTe/(Cd,Zn)Te and CdTe/(Cd,Mg)Te quantum wells (QW) are studied using a multistage technique combining optical pumping and Hanle effect-based detection. The samples demonstrate drastically different nuclear spin dynamics in zero and weak magnetic fields. In CdTe/(Cd,Zn)Te, the nuclear spin relaxation time is found to strongly increase with the magnetic field, growing from 3 s in zero field to tens of seconds in a field of 25 G. In CdTe/(Cd,Mg)Te the relaxation is an order of magnitude slower, and it is field-independent up to at least 70 G. The differences are attributed to the nuclear spin relaxation being mediated by different kinds of resident electrons in these QWs. In CdTe/(Cd,Mg)Te, a residual electron gas trapped in the QW largely determines the relaxation dynamics. In CdTe/(Cd,Zn)Te, the fast relaxation in zero field is due to interaction with localized donor-bound electrons. Nuclear spin diffusion barriers form around neutral donors when the external magnetic field exceeds the local nuclear field, which is about $B_L\approx $0.4 G in CdTe. This inhibits nuclear spin diffusion towards the donors, slowing down relaxation. These findings are supported by theoretical modeling. In particular, we show that the formation of the diffusion barrier is made possible by several features specific to CdTe: (i) the large donor binding energy (about 10 meV), (ii) the low abundance of magnetic isotopes (only $\approx$30% of nuclei have nonzero spin), and (iii) the absence of nuclear quadrupole interactions between nuclei. The two latter properties are also favorable to nuclear spin cooling via optical pumping followed by adiabatic demagnetization. Under non-optimized conditions we have reached sub-microkelvin nuclear spin temperatures in both samples, lower than all previous results obtained in GaAs.

Fast Lithium Ion Diffusion in Brownmillerite $\mathrm{Li}_{x}\mathrm{{Sr}_{2}{Co}_{2}{O}_{5}}$
Xin Chen, Xixiang Zhang, Jie-Xiang Yu, Jiadong Zang
arXiv:2402.17557v2 Announce Type: replace Abstract: Ionic conductors have great potential for interesting tunable physical properties via ionic liquid gating and novel energy storage applications such as all-solid-state lithium batteries. In particular, low migration barriers and high hopping attempt frequency are the keys to achieve fast ion diffusion in solids. Taking advantage of the oxygen-vacancy channel in $\mathrm{Li}_{x}\mathrm{{Sr}_{2}{Co}_{2}{O}_{5}}$, we show that migration barriers of lithium ion are as small as 0.28~0.17eV depending on the lithium concentration rates. Our first-principles calculation also investigated hopping attempt frequency and concluded the room temperature ionic diffusivity and ion conductivity is high as ${10}^{-7}\sim{10}^{-6}~\mathrm{{cm}^{2}~s^{-1}}$ and ${10}^{-3}\sim{10}^{-2}~\mathrm{S\cdot{cm}^{-1}}$ respectively, which outperform most of perovskite-type, garnet-type and sulfide Li-ion solid-state electrolytes. This work proves $\mathrm{Li}_{x}\mathrm{{Sr}_{2}{Co}_{2}{O}_{5}}$ as a promising solid-state electrolyte.

Conservation laws and quantum error correction: towards a generalised matching decoder
Benjamin J. Brown
arXiv:2207.06428v2 Announce Type: replace-cross Abstract: Decoding algorithms are essential to fault-tolerant quantum-computing architectures. In this perspective we explore decoding algorithms for the surface code; a prototypical quantum low-density parity-check code that underlies many of the leading efforts to demonstrate scalable quantum computing. Central to our discussion is the minimum-weight perfect-matching decoder. The decoder works by exploiting underlying structure that arises due to materialised symmetries among surface-code stabilizer elements. By concentrating on these symmetries, we begin to address the question of how a minimum-weight perfect-matching decoder might be generalised for other families of codes. We approach this question first by investigating examples of matching decoders for other codes. These include decoding algorithms that have been specialised to correct for noise models that demonstrate a particular structure or bias with respect to certain codes. In addition to this, we propose a systematic way of constructing a minimum-weight perfect-matching decoder for codes with certain characteristic properties. The properties we make use of are common among topological codes. We discuss the broader applicability of the proposal, and we suggest some questions we can address that may show us how to design a generalised matching decoder for arbitrary stabilizer codes.

Training normalizing flows with computationally intensive target probability distributions
Piotr Bialas, Piotr Korcyl, Tomasz Stebel
arXiv:2308.13294v2 Announce Type: replace-cross Abstract: Machine learning techniques, in particular the so-called normalizing flows, are becoming increasingly popular in the context of Monte Carlo simulations as they can effectively approximate target probability distributions. In the case of lattice field theories (LFT) the target distribution is given by the exponential of the action. The common loss function's gradient estimator based on the "reparametrization trick" requires the calculation of the derivative of the action with respect to the fields. This can present a significant computational cost for complicated, non-local actions like e.g. fermionic action in QCD. In this contribution, we propose an estimator for normalizing flows based on the REINFORCE algorithm that avoids this issue. We apply it to two dimensional Schwinger model with Wilson fermions at criticality and show that it is up to ten times faster in terms of the wall-clock time as well as requiring up to $30\%$ less memory than the reparameterization trick estimator. It is also more numerically stable allowing for single precision calculations and the use of half-float tensor cores. We present an in-depth analysis of the origins of those improvements. We believe that these benefits will appear also outside the realm of the LFT, in each case where the target probability distribution is computationally intensive.

Unveiling the hidden reaction kinetic network of carbon in water with unsupervised machine learning
Chu Li, Yuan Yao, Ding Pan
arXiv:2401.07019v3 Announce Type: replace-cross Abstract: Dissolution of CO$_2$ in water followed by the subsequent hydrolysis reactions is of great importance to the global carbon cycle, and carbon capture and storage. Despite enormous previous studies, the reactions are still not fully understood at the atomistic scale. Here, we combined ab initio molecular dynamics simulations with Markov state models to elucidate the reaction mechanisms and kinetics of CO$_2$ in supercritical water both in the bulk and nanoconfined states. The integration of unsupervised learning with first-principles data allows us to identify complex reaction coordinates and pathways automatically instead of a priori human speculation. Interestingly, our unbiased modelling found a novel pathway of dissolving CO$_2$(aq) under graphene nanoconfinement, involving the pyrocarbonate anion (C$_2$O$_5^{2-}$(aq)) as an intermediate state. The unexpected appearance of pyrocarbonates is related to the superionic behavior of the confined solutions. Our study highlights the importance of large oxocarbons in aqueous carbon reactions, with great implications for the deep carbon cycle and the sequestration of CO$_2$.

Non-Abelian anyons in a periodically-driven Abelian model
Francesco Petiziol
arXiv:2402.04131v2 Announce Type: replace-cross Abstract: We show that non-Abelian anyons can emerge from an Abelian topologically-ordered model subject to local time-periodic driving, with the specific example of Ising anyons in a driven toric-code model. The quasiparticle excitations of the toric code, realizing an Abelian-anyon theory, include fermionic and bosonic quasiparticles which see each other as $\pi$ fluxes, namely they result in the accumulation of a $\pi$ phase if wound around each other. The emergence of non-Abelian behaviour is explained in the fact that the modulation can engineer a band topology for the fermionic quasiparticles, by Floquet engineering complex phases of fermion pairing in the high-frequency regime. This induces the fractionalization of the fermions into Floquet-Majorana modes bound to the bosons. The latter then develop non-Abelian anyon character akin to vortices in a topological superconductor. Our findings shed light on the nonequilibrium physics of driven topologically-ordered quantum matter and may facilitate the observation of non-Abelian behaviour in engineered quantum systems.

Found 6 papers in prb
Date of feed: Thu, 29 Feb 2024 04:16:56 GMT

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Spin-triplet topological excitonic insulators in two-dimensional materials
Huaiyuan Yang, Jiaxi Zeng, Yuelin Shao, Yuanfeng Xu, Xi Dai, and Xin-Zheng Li
Author(s): Huaiyuan Yang, Jiaxi Zeng, Yuelin Shao, Yuanfeng Xu, Xi Dai, and Xin-Zheng Li

Quantum spin-Hall insulators (QSHIs) possess nontrivial band topology. Using first-principles many-body perturbation theory ($GW+\text{Bathe-Salpeter}$ equation), we show that excitonic insulators (EIs) can exist in QSHIs AsO and ${\mathrm{Mo}}_{2}{\mathrm{TiC}}_{2}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}$ with nonvanishin…


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 075167] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Crystalline electromagnetic responses of higher-order topological semimetals
Mark R. Hirsbrunner, Alexander D. Gray, and Taylor L. Hughes
Author(s): Mark R. Hirsbrunner, Alexander D. Gray, and Taylor L. Hughes

Previous work has shown that time-reversal symmetric Weyl semimetals with a quadrupolar arrangement of first-order Weyl nodes exhibit a mixed crystalline-electromagnetic response. For systems with higher-order Weyl nodes, which are attached to both surface and hinge Fermi arcs, additional phenomena …


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 075169] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Roles of chalcogen sublayers of $1H$ transition metal dichalcogenides in metal-semiconductor van der Waals heterostructures
Tetsuro Habe
Author(s): Tetsuro Habe

In this paper, the crystal and electronic structures are investigated using first-principles theory for metal-semiconductor van der Waals heterostructures $1H$-transition-metal dichalcogenides (${\mathrm{NbS}}_{2}, {\mathrm{NbSe}}_{2}, {\mathrm{TaS}}_{2}, {\mathrm{TaSe}}_{2}, {\mathrm{MoS}}_{2}, {\m…


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 075308] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Magnetostriction of metals with small Fermi surface pockets: Case of the topologically trivial semimetal LuAs
Yu. V. Sharlai, L. Bochenek, J. Juraszek, T. Cichorek, and G. P. Mikitik
Author(s): Yu. V. Sharlai, L. Bochenek, J. Juraszek, T. Cichorek, and G. P. Mikitik

We develop a theory of the magnetostriction for metals with small charge-carrier pockets of their Fermi surfaces. As an example, we consider LuAs that has a cubic crystal structure. The theory quite well describes the known experimental data on the magnetostriction of this metal. The obtained result…


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 085144] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Anomalous thermal radiation due to the chiral magnetic effect in Weyl semimetals
Satoru Konabe
Author(s): Satoru Konabe

Thermal radiation, universally governed by Planck's law for objects at nonzero temperatures, is known to deviate in the near-field regime. In the present paper, we uncover a distinctive thermal radiation behavior in Weyl semimetals, challenging the established principles of Planck's law, even in the…


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 085145] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Unveiling topological modes on curved surfaces
Dmitry S. Ageev and Askar A. Iliasov
Author(s): Dmitry S. Ageev and Askar A. Iliasov

In this paper, we investigate topological modes of different physical systems defined on arbitrary two-dimensional spatial curved surfaces. We consider the shallow water equations, inhomogeneous Maxwell's equations, and the Jackiw-Rebbi model and show how the topological protection mechanism respond…


[Phys. Rev. B 109, 085435] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Found 4 papers in pr_res
Date of feed: Thu, 29 Feb 2024 04:16:57 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Non-Hermitian chiral skin effect
Xin-Ran Ma, Kui Cao, Xiao-Ran Wang, Zheng Wei, Qian Du, and Su-Peng Kou
Author(s): Xin-Ran Ma, Kui Cao, Xiao-Ran Wang, Zheng Wei, Qian Du, and Su-Peng Kou

The interplay between non-Hermitian effects and topological insulators has become a frontier of research in non-Hermitian physics. However, the existence of a non-Hermitian skin effect for topological-protected edge states remains controversial. In this paper, we discover a new type of the non-Hermi…


[Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013213] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Exploring the nontrivial band edge in the bulk of the topological insulators ${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Se}}_{3}$ and ${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Te}}_{3}$
Robin Guehne and Vojtěch Chlan
Author(s): Robin Guehne and Vojtěch Chlan

${\mathrm{Bi}}_{2}{\mathrm{Se}}_{3}$ and related compounds are prototype three-dimensional topological insulators with a single Dirac cone in the surface band structure. While the topological surface states can be characterized with surface-sensitive methods, the underlying bulk energy band inversio…


[Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013214] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Robust gates with spin-locked superconducting qubits
Ido Zuk, Daniel Cohen, Alexey V. Gorshkov, and Alex Retzker
Author(s): Ido Zuk, Daniel Cohen, Alexey V. Gorshkov, and Alex Retzker

Dynamical decoupling is effective in reducing gate errors in most quantum computation platforms and is therefore projected to play an essential role in future fault-tolerant constructions. In superconducting circuits, however, it has proven difficult to utilize the benefits of dynamical decoupling. …


[Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013217] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Kondo effect and its destruction in heterobilayer transition metal dichalcogenides
Fang Xie, Lei Chen, and Qimiao Si
Author(s): Fang Xie, Lei Chen, and Qimiao Si

Moiré structures, along with line-graph-based $d$-electron systems, represent a setting to realize flat bands. One form of the associated strong correlation physics is the Kondo effect. Here, we address the recently observed Kondo-driven heavy fermion state and its destruction in AB-stacked hetero-b…


[Phys. Rev. Research 6, 013219] Published Wed Feb 28, 2024

Found 1 papers in nat-comm


Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Epitaxy of wafer-scale single-crystal MoS2 monolayer via buffer layer control
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Found 4 papers in small
Date of feed: Thu, 29 Feb 2024 02:51:00 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Leaping Supercapacitor Performance via a Flash‐Enabled Graphene Photothermal Coating
Huihui Zhang, Han Lin, Keng‐Te Lin, Dawei Su, Tianyi Ma, Baohua Jia
Small, EarlyView.

Molecular Connectors Boosting the Performance of MoS2 Cathodes in Zinc‐Ion Batteries
Haipeng Guo, Verónica Montes‐García, Haijun Peng, Paolo Samorì, Artur Ciesielski
Small, EarlyView.

Tunable Magnetic Coupling in Graphene Nanoribbon Quantum Dots
Peter H. Jacobse, Mamun Sarker, Anshul Saxena, Percy Zahl, Ziyi Wang, Emma Berger, Narayana R. Aluru, Alexander Sinitskii, Michael F. Crommie
Small, EarlyView.

Quantum Nature of Charge Transport in Inkjet‐Printed Graphene Revealed in High Magnetic Fields up to 60T
Nathan D. Cottam, Feiran Wang, Jonathan S. Austin, Christopher J. Tuck, Richard Hague, Mark Fromhold, Walter Escoffier, Michel Goiran, Mathieu Pierre, Oleg Makarovsky, Lyudmila Turyanska
Small, EarlyView.

Found 1 papers in adv-mater
Date of feed: Thu, 29 Feb 2024 03:51:59 GMT

Search terms: (topolog[a-z]+)|(graphit[a-z]+)|(rhombohedr[a-z]+)|(graphe[a-z]+)|(chalcog[a-z]+)|(landau)|(weyl)|(dirac)|(STM)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ tunne[a-z]+ spectr[a-z]+)|(scan[a-z]+ prob[a-z]+ micr[a-z]+)|(MoS.+\d+|MoS\d+)|(MoSe.+\d+|MoSe\d+)|(MoTe.+\d+|MoTe\d+)|(WS.+\d+|WS\d+)|(WSe.+\d+|WSe\d+)|(WTe.+\d+|WTe\d+)|(Bi\d+Rh\d+I\d+|Bi.+\d+.+Rh.+\d+.+I.+\d+.+)|(BiTeI)|(BiTeBr)|(BiTeCl)|(ZrTe5|ZrTe.+5)|(Pt2HgSe3|Pt.+2HgSe.+3)|(jacuting[a-z]+)|(flatband)|(flat.{1}band)|(LK.{1}99)

Ultraflexible Temperature‐Strain Dual‐Sensor Based on Chalcogenide Glass‐Polymer Film for Human‐Machine Interaction
Yanqing Fu, Shiliang Kang, Guofeng Xiang, Chengran Su, Chengwei Gao, Linling Tan, Hao Gu, Shengpeng Wang, Zhuanghao Zheng, Shixun Dai, Changgui Lin
Advanced Materials, Accepted Article.